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Ancient Mediterranean craft traditions to lead to new computing paradigm

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Loom weight from Metaponto, Basilicata, Italy dating to the 4th c. BCE.

Loom weight from Metaponto, Basilicata, Italy dating to the 4th c. BCE. The owner has had it marked with the impression of her fibula, a kind of ancient ‘safety pin’ for fastening women’s clothing. This example was found in a sanctuary and was probably a votive dedication.

A Greek loom weight from Metaponto, Basilicata, Italy dating to the 4th-3rd c. BCE.

Punic-style stamp in the shape of a footprint on a Greek loom weight from Metaponto, Basilicata, Italy dating to the 4th-3rd c. BCE.

Blue faience bead, 6th c. BCE.

Blue faience bead, 6th c. BCE, found at the site of San Salvatore, Comune di Bova, Calabria, Italy. Faience, made of crushed quartz or sand and often coloured blue with copper based pigments, was originally an Egyptian technique, which spread to the Aegean world and beyond.

Egyptian blue pigment, coloured by copper ores.

Egyptian blue pigment, coloured by copper ores.

Wooden trough for salt production, Romania.

Wooden trough for salt production, Romania.

Spindle whorl, 9th-7th c. BCE.

Spindle whorl, 9th-7th c. BCE, from the Incoronata site, Metaponto, Basilicata, Italy. This example is indigenous Italic, but the geometric decoration may have been inspired by contemporary Greek pottery.

Orientalizing (Levantine-influenced) figurine which served as a perfume container, dating to the mid-6th c. BCE.

Orientalizing (Levantine-influenced) figurine which served as a perfume container, dating to the mid-6th c. BCE, found at the site of San Salvatore, Comune di Bova, Calabria, Italy. This was part of a ritual deposit under the foundations of a building. Similar examples are found in the Temple of Demeter and Kore at Cyrene, in Libya and elsewhere in the Greek world.

Indigenous pottery from Sicily.

Indigenous pottery from Sicily.

Phoenician and indigenous Sardinian (Nuragic) pottery from central Sardinia.

Phoenician and indigenous Sardinian (Nuragic) pottery from central Sardinia.

Cooking pot in a Greek-type fabric with a Punic-style shape from the 5th-4th c. BCE.

Cooking pot in a Greek-type fabric with a Punic-style shape from a 5th-4th c. BCE Greek farmhouse site, Bova Marina, Calabria, Italy.

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