War and Peace in the
war clouds gathering over Iraq, recurrent terrorist threats, a crisis over
nuclear proliferation in North Korea and violent conflicts in many corners of
the world - these and other issues at the centre of public concern will be
addressed in a University of Leicester Public Lecture on Tuesday, March 18.
and Peace in the 21st Century, the Inaugural Lecture to be given by
Adrian Hyde-Price, Professor of Political and International Relations, will
consider two key questions:
why and when do Western liberal-democracies use military force?
role – if any – can coercive military power play in shaping a more just
and stable international peace order?
University of Leicester was founded in 1921 as a living memorial to the dead of
the First World War, a fitting background, therefore, to an inaugural lecture
looking into questions of war and peace.
talk, War and Peace in the 21st Century, will be given by Professor
Hyde-Price on Tuesday, March 18, 2003 at 5.30pm in Lecture Theatre 1, Ken
Edwards Building, University of Leicester main campus.
It is open to the public and free.
TO EDITORS: A
summary of the lecture follows. Further
information is available from Professor Adrian Hyde-Price, Professor of Politics
and International Relations, University of Leicester Department of Politics,
telephone 0116 252 2795, email firstname.lastname@example.org
Hyde-Price begins by underlining the intimate relationship between the
historical development of the modern state and its capacity to fight wars.
Political identity, concepts of citizenship and the institutional
development of the state, he argues, have long been closely bound up with
the way political communities organise to defend themselves and use military
force to further their interests.
to the contemporary world, Professor Hyde-Price argues that the emergence of
a community of mature democracies in Europe and North America has had a
significant impact on Western foreign and security policies. A Kantian zone
of stable peace has emerged in this region, within which democracies no
longer use military force, or the threat of force, in their relations with
democracies continue to use military force against non-democracies, but they
do so in very different ways than in the past. Since 1945, a ‘Western way
of warfare’ has emerged, characterised by the use of discriminate rather
than brute force, and aimed at limiting casualties and minimising
‘collateral damage’. This ‘post-modern’ style of Western warfare was
evident in the Gulf war, in the Kosovo campaign and now in the ‘war on
central foreign policy question facing Western democracies today is how to
deal with the new threats to international peace and security – above all,
terrorism, proliferation and failed states. Professor Hyde-Price argues that
although military force is a blunt and often unwieldy instrument, it is
sometimes necessary in order to back up diplomacy and create the conditions
for peace – both to protect the values of international society
(especially human rights) and to defend our citizens from threats.
since the end of the cold war suggests that Western democracies are still
struggling to craft foreign and security policy strategies able to cope with
the challenges of a politically ambivalent and morally ambiguous
international system. There is deep uncertainty about the utility of
military force, both within Europe, and between Europe and the United
States. Quoting the metaphor of Machiavelli’s Centaur (‘half-man and
half-beast’), Professor Hyde-Price argues that Western democracies need
both to act consistently to strengthen international society and the rule of
law, and to deal robustly with new security threats. He therefore concludes
by arguing that the liberal humanism characteristic of modern
liberal-democracies needs to be tempered by a pragmatic realism.
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