- Both the left kidney (120g) and the right kidney (130g) had an irregular surface showing focal scarring. On cut surface there was an adequate depth of cortex with the cortico-medullary junction well defined.
- Both pelves and ureters were normal.
- The bladder was not significantly enlarged but the wall showed trabeculation. The prostate was severely enlarged with a nodular architecture (see images below).
- You take a sample of the prostate for histological sectioning (see image below). As you can see, the tissue of the prostate is still well-differentiated (ie organised into glands and stroma) but there is a nodule in the bottom left quarter of the slide that seems to contain several gland-like structures. This is characteristic of nodular prostatic hyperplasia, where nodules of excessive growth are interspersed with normal tissue. It's not a precursor of carcinoma, but it might cause outflow obstruction of the bladder.