Table of Contents
Essay terms explained
Using essay plans
Why an essay?
Before you begin
Analysing the question
Selecting the material
Organising your material
Find your preferred style
Referencing and bibliographies
Before you write
When to use references
How to reference using the 'author, date' system
How to reference using footnotes or endnotes
The art of editing
What is editing?
Positive and negative feelings about editing
Where to work?
Recording your critique
Overall editing plan
What is critical reading?
Why do we need to take a critical approach to reading?
Critical reading does not have to be all negative
Broadening the definition of evidence
Linking evidence to argument
Descriptive details you may want to record about sources
Some interpretative questions you may need to ask about sources
Helpful guidance from other sources
What is critical writing?
What is descriptive writing?
The difference between descriptive writing and critical writing
Finding your academic voice
Stringing together of quotes
Strategic use of paragraphs
If it's worth including, it's worth telling us why
Line of argument
Example of effective critical writing
Checklist for an overall review of your writing
The key elements
The use of paragraphs
The use of evidence and/or examples
Drafting your essay
Editing your essay
Writing for science
Characteristics of good scientific writing
Developing good scientific writing
Choosing the words
Choosing a 'voice'
Personal or impersonal?
What is a report?
What makes a good report?
The structure of a report
Writing the report: the essential stages
Planning and conducting a dissertation research project
What is a dissertation?
Choosing a topic
Developing a research question
Effective planning of the research
Being organised and methodical while conducting your research
Undertaking a literature survey
Dealing with problems
Reporting the research