Step 1: Designing PowerPoint slides
There are a number of features to consider when designing effective PowerPoint slides. The guidelines given below will ensure you create slides that will be easy for your audience to read and understand.
- Be consistent. Ensure that all of your slides have the same or similar background images and colour schemes. PowerPoint's design templates can be used for this.
- Prepare slides that use a bold colour contrast, e.g. black or deep blue text on a cream background (black and white can be too glaring for the audience).
- Avoid using red or green for text or highlighting as it can be difficult to read.
- Avoid using too much text. A useful guideline is the six-by-six rule (slides should have no more than six bullet points and each bullet point should be no more than six words long).
- Create bullet points which are clear summaries of key points. It is not necessary for bullet points to be complete sentences.
- Don't mix up your fonts and font sizes. Too many variations in font size and type can be visually confusing.
- Ensure that your text is at least 24pt otherwise it may be difficult to read on screen.
- Choose left align for all text to make it easier to read.
- Avoid multiple columns of text on a single slide as they can be difficult to follow on screen.
- Use bold for a clear and simple form of emphasis and headings rather than UPPER CASE, italics or underlining.
- Set clear hierarchies for type size to help your audience distinguish between headings, main text and other types of text.