REFERENCES: Mantle Mineralogy

(These references are probably more than you require at this stage, but as some aspects are followed up in more detail later in your courses, they may be useful to you.)

ALLÈGRE, C.J. 1982. Chemical geodynamics. Tectonophysics 81, 109-132.

ALLÈGRE, C.J. & TURCOTTE, D.L. 1986. Implications of a two-component marble-cake mantle. Nature 323, 123-127.

BLUNDELL, D.J. 1990. Seismic images of continental lithosphere. Journal of the Geological Society, London 147, 895-913.

GAHERTY, J.B. & HAGER, B.H. 1994. Compositional vs. thermal buoyancy and the evolution of subducted lithosphere. Geophysics Research Letters 21, 141-144.

IRIFUNE, T. & RINGWOOD, A.E. 1987. Phase transformations in a harzburgite composition to 26 GPa: implications for dynamical behaviour of the subducting slab. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 86, 365-376.

IRIFUNE, T. & RINGWOOD, A.E. 1993. Phase transformations in subducted ocean crust and buoyancy relationships at depths of 600-800 km in the mantle. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 117, 101-110.

JORDAN, T.H. 1975. The continental tectosphere. Review of Geophysics and Space Physics 13, 1-12.

JORDAN, T.H. 1978. Composition and development of the continental tectosphere. Nature 274, 544-548.

JORDAN, T.H. 1981. Continents as a chemical boundary layer. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Lond. A301, 359-373.

KEARY, P. & VINE, F.J. 1991. Global Tectonics. Blackwell Scientific Publ., 302pp.

KERR, A.C., SAUNDERS, A.D., TARNEY, J., BERRY, N.H & HARDS, V.L. 1995. Depleted mantle-plume geochemical signatures: no paradox for plume theories. Geology 23, 843-846.

KUSZNIR, N. and MATTHEWS, D.H. 1988. Deep seismic reflections and the deformational mechanics of the continental lithosphere. Journal of Petrology Special Lithosphere Issue, pp. 63-87.

LARSON, R.L. & KINCAID, C. 1996. Onset of mid-Cretaceous volcanism by elevation of the 670 km thermal boundary layer. Geology 24, 551-554.

MEISSNER, R. 1989. Rupture, creep, lamellae and crocodiles: happenings in the continental crust. Terra Nova 1, 17-28.

MEISSNER, R. and KUSZNIR, N. 1987. Crustal viscosity and the reflectivity of the lower crust. Annales Geophysicae 5B, 365-373.

MEISSNER, R., MATTHEWS, D.H. and WEVER, T. 1986. The Moho in and around Britain. Annales Geophysicae 4B, 659-666.

MENZIES, M.A. 1990. Archaean, Proterozoic, and Phanerozoic lithospheres. In: M.A. Menzies (Editor) Continental Mantle, Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp.67-86.

RINGWOOD, A.E. 1974. The petrological evolution of island arc systems. Journal of the Geological Society, London 130, 183-204.

RINGWOOD, A.E. 1975. Composition and Petrology of the Earth's Mantle. McGraw-Hill, New York.

RINGWOOD. A.E. 1982. Phase transformations and differentiation in subducted lithosphere: implications for mantle dynamics, basalt petrogenesis, and crustal evolution. Journal of Geology 90, 611-643.

RINGWOOD, A.E. 1985. Mantle dynamics and basalt petrogenesis. Tectonophysics 112, 17-34.

RINGWOOD, A.E. 1986. Dynamics of subducted lithosphere and implications for basalt petrogenesis. Terra Cognita 6, 67-77.

RINGWOOD, A.E. 1991. Phase transitions and their bearing on the constitution and dynamics of the mantle. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 55, 2083-2110.

RINGWOOD, A.E. & IRIFUNE, T. 1988. Nature of the 650-km seismic discontinuity: implications for mantle dynamics and differentiation. Nature 331, 131- 136.

RINGWOOD, A.E., KESSON, S.E., HIBBERSON, W. & WARE, N. 1992. Origin of kimberlite and related magmas. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 113, 521-538.

SADOWIAK, P., WEVER, T. and MEISSNER, R. 1991. Deep seismic reflectivity patterns in specific tectonic units of Western and Central Europe. Geophysics Journal International 105, 45-54.

TARNEY, J., WOOD, D.A., SAUNDERS, A.D., CANN, J.R. & VARET, J. 1980. Nature of mantle heterogeneity in the North Atlantic: evidence from deep sea drilling. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. London A297, 179-202.

van der HILST, R. & SENO, T. 1993. Effects of relative plate motion on the deep structure and penetration depth of slabs below the Izu-Bonin and Mariana island arcs. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 120, 395-407.

WEVER, T., TRAPPE, H. and MEISSNER, R. 1987. Possible relations between crustal reflectivity, crustal age, heat flow and viscosity of the continents. Annales Geophysicae 5B, 255-266.

WARNER, M.R. 1990. Basalts, water or shear zones in the lower continental crust? Tectonophysics 173, 163-173.

WYLLIE, P.J. 1971. The Dynamic Earth. Wiley, London