The Production and Use of English Manuscripts 1060 to 1220

described by Orietta Da Rold

Oxford, Bodleian Library, Laud 482

Oxford, Bodleian Library, Laud 482

The Production and Use of English Manuscripts: 1060 to 1220

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© The Production and Use |

of English Manuscripts 1060 to 1220 |

Penitential, &c.

Date: s. xi med / xi2


A small narrow book containing penitential and confessional texts in Old English and some Latin offices for the sick and dying. The Latin offices contain introductions and rubrics in Old English (see Raith 1933; Spindler 1934; Mone 1830; Haddan and Stubbs 1869; Fowler 1965; Thorpe 1840. On specific items see also Ker 1957 and Franzen 1998).

The manuscript is mainly written by one scribe, but probably in two units: 1. Fols 1-44 and 2. fols 45-68. Fol. 44 is left blank. These two parts were probably written some time apart but by the same scribe.

Fol. 44r, a s. xii/xiii hand wrote two Latin marian prayers: 'O beata maria quis tibi digne ualeat'; 'O beata et intemerata et in eternum benedicta', and another dedicated to St John: 'O Sancte iohannes'. Fol. 52rv, passim, a later hand, s. xi2, annotated masculine Latin ending with feminine ones. The Tremulous Hand, s. xiii1 annotated fols. 9v to 20v similar to the ones he did on Junius 121, fol. 83v.(Franzen 1998, p. 69 and Ker 1957, pp. 421-2).

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Object Description:

Form: codex

Support: parchment


Foliation and/or Pagination: Fols ii + 68 + ii, foliated (i, ii), 1-68, (69, 70). Fols i-ii, 69-70 are paper flyleaves from the date of binding. Traces of an earlier foliation by Joscelyn can be seen on some leaves (Franzen 1998, p. 68).


Leaves are arranged FFHH. Written in 24 long lines, but often without following the rulings. Ruled in drypoint only on the hair side. Double bounding lines on the right and left sides, but frequently it looks like triple bounding lines and Franzen (1998) notes that there are 'sometimes as many as four', for example on fol. 45 (p. 68). Prick marks are usually visible at the bottom of verticals and occasionally in the top and outer margins.

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