Edited by Orietta Da Rold, Takako Kato, Mary Swan and Elaine Treharne

(University of Leicester, 2010; last update 2013)

http://www.le.ac.uk/ee/em1060to1220, ISBN 095323195X

The Production and Use of English Manuscripts 1060 to 1220

Mark Faulkner

Oxford, Bodleian Library, Junius 1

Oxford, Bodleian Library, Junius 1

The Production and Use of English Manuscripts: 1060 to 1220

© 2010-13 The Production and Use of

English Manuscripts 1060 to 1220 |

Ed. by ODR, TK, MS & ET, ISBN 095323195X |

Back to List of MSS and Descriptions

The Orrmulum

Date: s. xii2

Summary:

The surviving portions of the first volume of The Orrmulum. It contains biblical narratives and homilies. An incomplete list of pericopes, between Orrm's Dedication and Preface, shows that at least 242 biblical narratives, each followed by a homily, were planned.

The manuscript is Orrm's autograph, and contains numerous insertions, deletions and revisions in his hand.

Manuscript Items:

  1. Item: fol. 3r/1-4v/18 (with text on fol. 9r/1-9v/18 marked for insertion at fol. 3v/39; this text was mistakenly printed by Holt-White 1878 as a separate "Preface")

      Title (B.3.1.3.1.EM): Orrumulum: Preface, including Table of Contents

      Incipit: Nu broþerr Walterr broþerr min

      Explicit (Latin): ˥ predicauit per biennium deinde uenit

      Text Language: English. The table of contents enumerates the Latin pericopes for the individual items.

      Note: The prefatory materials constitute one, cohesive text.

      There is a signe de renvoi (consisting of a circle surrounding a dot) after l. 314 (fol. 4v/b10) which does not correspond to any extant insertion.

      After item 50 in the table of contents, Scribe C added 'huc usque .i. uolumen' (5r/29)

      Decoration:

      • fol. 3r/1: Six-line black 'N'.
      • fol. 4v/b19: Four-line 'I' at line 322.

  2. Item: fol. 10r/a1-b51

      Title (B.3.1.3.1.EM): Orrumulum: Introductory Text [lls. 1-108]

      Incipit: All mannkinn fra þatt Adam wass

      Explicit: To ȝarrkenn Cristess weȝȝess

      Text Language: English

      Note: These lines are not presented as a separate text by White but the major initials that begin this item and the next indicate Orrm considered it a discrete section.

      There is a signe de renvoi (consisting of a circle bisected by a horizontal line) before l. 89 (fol. 10r/b19) which does not correspond to any extant insertion.

      Decoration:

      • fol. 10r/a1: Eight-line black 'A'.

  3. Item: fols 10r/b51-22v

      Title (B.3.1.3.2.EM): Orrumulum: Fit 1 (double homily on Lk 1:5, Lk 1:18) [lls. 109-1797]

      Incipit: An preost wass onn Herodess daȝȝ

      Explicit: wiþþ preostess

      Text Language: English

      Note: Hand C's writing is visible on the stub before fol. 10 (conjoint with fol. 22).

      There is a cancelled major capital at fol. 10v/b24 (= l. 197), the beginning of the second gospel paraphrase in this double homily.

      Two bifolia, bearing cols. 13-28, have been lost from the centre of Q2. This text probably amounted to c. 425 septenaries; c. 180 of these survive in Vliet's transcript.

      There is a signe-de-renvoi on fol. 21v/a11 which may have corresponded to the writing on the stub after fol. 21

      The outer two bifolia of Q3 (bearing cols. 45-52, 69-76) have been lost. Cols. 45-52 contained the end of Fit 1 and the beginning of Fit 2, hence the defective explicit of this item. Some 25 septenaries survive in Vliet's transcript.

      Decoration:

      • fol. 10r/b51: Eight-line black 'A'.

  4. Item: fols 23r-30v

      Title (B.3.1.3.3.EM): Orrumulum: Fit 3 (probably a double homily on Lk 1:26, Mt 1:18) [lls. 1798-2874]

      Incipit: i clene unnwemednesse

      Explicit: all maȝȝdenn þweo (deletion: erasure) rrt ut clene

      Text Language: English

      Note: The outer two bifolia of Quire 3 (bearing cols. 45-52, 69-76) have been lost. Cols. 45-52 contained the end of Fit 1 and the beginning of Fit 2, hence the defective explicit of this item. Some 25 septenaries survive in Vliet's transcription.

      Cols. 69-76 must have contained the end of Fit 2 and the beginning of Fit 3; some 30 septenaries survive in Vliet's transcription.

      Decoration:

      • fol. 23r/a18: Three-line black capital 'M', beginning the exposition of the first pericope of the double homily.
      • fol. 29r/a1: Two-line black capital 'I', beginning the exposition of the second pericope.

  5. Item: fols 31r-32v/a49

      Title (B.3.1.3.4.EM): Orrumulum: Fits 3 and 4 (single homilies on Lk 1:57, Lk 1:39 or double homily on these two texts) [lls. 2875-3269]

      Incipit: i þatt time

      Explicit: ˥ soþfastt lufe 7 troww [þe(supplied: loss)

      Text Language: English

      Note: The outer two bifolia of Quire 3 (bearing cols. 45-52, 69-76) have been lost. Cols. 69-76 must have contained the end of Fit 2 and the beginning of Fit 3; some 30 septenaries survive in Vliet's transcription.

      Matthes (1933, p. 42) treats the homily on Lk 1:26 as a separate item, now completely lost. Since the quire signatures preclude the loss of a whole quire between Quires 3, 4, the lost text can only have occupied cols. 69-76 and any inserted slips, now lost. As a result, it is unlikely this homily could be any longer than c. 200 septenaries. An alternative would be to imagine a double homily, from which both paraphrases and the exposition of the first pericope have been wholly lost.

  6. Item: fols 32v/a49-35v

      Title (B.3.1.3.5.EM): Orrumulum: Fit 5 (a double homily on Lk 2:1, Lk 2:15) [ll. 3270-4009]

      Incipit: An Romanisshe Kaserrking

      Explicit: To brukenn heo (deletion: erasure) ffness blisse. Amæn

      Text Language: English

      Decoration:

      • fol. 32v/b49: One-line black capital 'A', beginning the homily.
      • fol. 33r/a54: Three-line black capital 'A', beginning the exposition of the second pericope.
      • fol. 33v/a44: Two-line black capital 'F', beginning the exposition. Note that Hand C initially inserted the second pericope here, but realising his error, deleted it.

  7. Item: fols 36r-52v

      Title (B.3.1.3.6.EM): Orrumulum: Fit 6 (homily on Lk 2:21) [lls. 4010-6393]

      Incipit: ˥ forrþi wass itt upponn hi

      Explicit: 7 wass Rachæl ȝehatenn

      Text Language: English

      Note: The fit is imperfect at the beginning due to the loss of a bifolium (cols 97-104) from the centre of Quire 4. Some 25 septentiaries are preserved in Vliet's transcription.

      Two leaves (cols 137-44) have been lost after fol. 46.

      One leaf (cols. 157-60) has been lost after fol. 52. Two septentiaries are preserved in Vliet's transcription. This leaf would have contained the end of this homily and the beginning of the next.

  8. Item: fols 53r-63r/a34

      Title (B.3.1.3.7.EM): Orrumulum: Fit 7 (homily on Mt 2:1) [ll. 6394-7570]

      Incipit: ledenn he þe weȝȝe rihht

      Explicit: Att ure lifess ende. Amæn

      Text Language: English

      Note: One leaf (cols. 157-60) has been lost after fol. 52. Two septentiaries are preserved in Vliet's transcription. This leaf would have contained the beginning of this homily and the end of the preceeding item.

      Decoration: fol. 53v/a10

      • One line black 'H', marking beginning of exposition

  9. Item: fols 63r/a35-65v

      Title (B.3.1.3.8.EM): Orrumulum: Fit 8 (double homily on Lk 2:22, 2:33) [ll.7571-7999]

      Incipit: Forrþrihht se time come þærto

      Explicit: ˥ forr

      Text Language: English

      Note: An unknown number of leaves or slips have been lost between fols 63 and 65. The text on fol. 64 was evidently intended for insertion into whatever text occupied this lacuna. Since there is no gap in the column numeration here, the loss must predate Junius's ownership.

      Three bifolia have been lost from the centre of Quire 6, containing the end of this item and the beginning of the next.

      Decoration:

      • fol. 63r/a35: Four-line black 'F', marking beginning of homily
      • fol. 63r/b38: Cancelled six-line black 'A', before beginning of second pericope
      • fol. 63v/a44: Two-line black 'R', marking beginning of exposition

  10. Item: fols 66r-68r/a18

      Title (B.3.1.3.9.EM): Orrumulum: Fit 9 (homily on Mt 2:13) [ll. 8000-8346]

      Incipit: he wollde litell

      Explicit: To winnenn Cristess are

      Text Language: English

      Note: Three bifolia have been lost from the centre of Quire 6, containing the beginning of this item and the end of the preceding homily.

  11. Item: fols 68r/a19-70r/b13

      Title (B.3.1.3.10.EM): Orrumulum: Fit 10 (homily on Mt 2:19) [ll. 8347-8878]

      Incipit: Affterr þatt þatt Herode king

      Explicit: Beon borrȝhenn þurrh hiss are. Amæn

      Text Language: English

      Decoration:

      • fol. 68r/a19: Four-line green'A' , marking beginning of homily

  12. Item: fols 70r/b14-72ra

      Title (B.3.1.3.11.EM): Orrumulum: Fit 11 (homily on Lk 2:42) [ll. 8879-9122]

      Incipit: Affterr þatt tatt Laferrd Crist

      Explicit: Beon borrȝhenn þurrh hiss are. Amæn

      Text Language: English

      Note: A single leaf (cols 221-224) lost between fols 70 and 72

      Decoration:

      • fol. 70r/b24: Six-line black 'A', marking beginning of homily
      • fol. 70r/b51: Three-line black 'A'
      • fol. 70v/b1: Two-line black 'þ', marking beginning of exposition

  13. Item: fols 72rb-77v/b7

      Title (B.3.1.3.12.EM): Orrumulum: Fit 12 (double homily on Lk 3:1, Mt 3:1) [ll. 9123-10256]

      Incipit: Nu cumeþþ me to tellenn forþ

      Explicit: Att ure lifess ende. Amæn;-

      Text Language: English

      Note: A bifolium (cols 237-44) lost from the centre of Quire 7, between fols 74 and 75.

      Decoration:

      • fol. 72rb/1: Five-line black 'N', marking beginning of homily
      • fol. 72v/a2: Three-line green 'Þ' 'Þ', marking beginning of translation of second pericope
      • fol. 73r/b17: Two-line green 'Þ' , marking beginning of exposition

  14. Item: fols 77v/b8-80v/a7

      Title (B.3.1.3.13.EM): Orrumulum: Fit 13 (homily on Jn 1:19) [ll. 10257-647]

      Incipit: Forrþi þatt Sannt Johaness word

      Explicit: A butenn ende brukenn. Amæn.

      Text Language: English

      Note: One leaf (cols 257-60) lost between fols 77 and 79. The text on fol. 78 (ll. 10291-10300) was presumably for insertion into the text on this lost leaf.

      Decoration:

      • fol. 77v/b8: Cancelled four-line green 'A', marking beginning of homily

  15. Item: fols 80v/a8-84r/a2

      Title (B.3.1.3.14.EM): Orrumulum: Fit 14 (homily on Mt 3:13) [ll. 10648-11318]

      Incipit: Underr þa daȝhess, alls uss seȝȝþ

      Explicit: To brukenn eche blisse. Amæn;-

      Text Language: English

      Note: One leaf (cols 277-80) lost between fols 83 and 84.

      Decoration:

      • 80v/a59: Two-line black 'Þ', marking beginning of exposition

  16. Item: fols 84r/a3-89r/b31

      Title (B.3.1.3.15.EM): Orrumulum: Fit 15 (homily on Mt 4:1) [ll. 11319-12565]

      Incipit: Forrþrihht se Jesuss fullhtnedd wass

      Explicit: To winnenn eche blisse.

      Text Language: English

      Note: One leaf (cols 297-300) lost between fols 87 and 88.

  17. Item: fols 89r/b32-89v

      Title (B.3.1.3.16.EM): Orrumulum: Fit 16 (homily on Jn 1:29) [ll. 12566-12719]

      Incipit: Affterr þatt Jesuss fandedd wass

      Explicit: Acc all wiþþutenn sinne.

      Text Language: English

      Note: At least one leaf (conjugate with fol. 80) lost after fol. 89. The loss was sustained before Junius numbered the columns. Even taking into account the text lost on this missing leaf, the homily is unusually short, perhaps suggesting the loss of one or more singletons after fol. 89.

      Decoration:

      • fol. 89r/b32: Six-line black 'A', marking beginning of homily
      • fol. 89v/a30: Two-line black 'Þ', marking beginning of exposition

  18. Item: fols 90r-95r/b9

      Title (B.3.1.3.17.EM): Orrumulum: Fit 17 (homily on Jn 1:35) [ll. 12720-13999]

      Incipit: Þæraffterr onn an oþerr daȝȝ

      Explicit: Att ure lifess ende. Amæn;-

      Text Language: English

      Decoration:

      • fol. 90r-colA/1: Cancelled six-line black 'A', marking beginning of homily
      • fol. 90r/b45: Two-line black 'I', marking beginning of exposition

  19. Item: fols 95r/b10-101r/b19

      Title (B.3.1.3.18.EM): Orrumulum: Fit 18 (homily on Jn 2:1) [ll. 14000-15537]

      Incipit: Uppo þe þridde daȝȝ bilammp

      Explicit: Att ure lifess ende. Amæn;-

      Text Language: English

      Decoration:

      • fol. 95r/b10: Cancelled seven-line black 'A', marking beginning of homily
      • fol. 95v/a33: Two-line black 'C', marking beginning of exposition

  20. Item: fols 101r/b20-105v/a21

      Title (B.3.1.3.19.EM): Orrumulum: Fit 19 (homily on Jn 2:13) [ll. 15538-16607]

      Incipit: Affterr þatt tatt te Laferrd Crist

      Explicit: Off all þatt he forrbedeþþ. Amæn;-

      Text Language: English

      Decoration:

      • fol. 101r/b20: seven-line green 'A', marking beginning of homily

  21. Item: fols 106v/a22-111v/a

      Title (B.3.1.3.20.EM): Orrumulum: Fit 20 (double homily on Jn 3:1, 3:16) [ll. 16608-17905]

      Incipit: An mann amang Judisskenn þed

      Explicit: To winnenn Cristess are. Amæn;-

      Text Language: English

      Decoration:

      • fol. 105v/a22: Seven-line black 'A', marking beginning of homily
      • fol. 105v/b51: Four-line black 'S', marking beginning of second paraphrase
      • fol. 110r/b8: Two-line black 'Þ', marking beginning of exposition of second pericope

  22. Item: fols 111v/b1-32

      Title (B.3.1.3.21.EM): Orrumulum: Bridge Passage [ll. 17888-17905]

      Incipit: Affterr þe Pasche messedaȝȝ

      Explicit: ˥ till þe rihhte læfe.

      Text Language: English

      Note: Neither Holt-White nor Matthes acknowledge the independence of this section of text, but the ordinatio demarks it distinctly.

      Decoration:

      • fol. 101r/b20: Four-line green 'A' , marking beginning of bridge passage

  23. Item: fols 111v/b33-113v

      Title (B.3.1.3.22.EM): Orrumulum: Fit 21 (double homily on Jn 3:22, Jn 3:34) [ll. 17906-18491]

      Incipit: Annd siþþen comm þe Laferrd Crist

      Explicit: ˥ lisste till his lare.

      Text Language: English

      Note: A bifolium (cols 399-406) is missing from the centre of Quire 10. This would have contained the end of this homily and the beginning of the next.

      Decoration:

      • fol. 111v/b33: Six-line green 'A' , marking beginning of homily
      • fol. 112r/a53: Five-line green 'H' and black 'H', marking beginning of paraphrase of second pericope

  24. Item: fols 113v-117r/b14

      Title (B.3.1.3.23.EM): Orrumulum: Fit 22 (homily on Jn 1:1) [ll. 18492-19480]

      Incipit: Drihhtin unnderrstanndenn

      Explicit: Inn all hiss Goddcunndnesse. Amæn;-

      Text Language: English

      Note: A bifolium (cols 399-406) is missing from the centre of Quire 10. This would have contained the beginning of this homily and the end of the preceding.

  25. Item: fols 117r/b15-117v/a17

      Title (B.3.1.3.24.EM): Orrumulum: Bridge Passage [ll. 19481-19550]

      Incipit: Icc hafe seȝȝd whatt Sannt Johan

      Explicit: 7 off Iohan Bapptisste.

      Text Language: English

      Note: Neither Holt-White nor Matthes acknowledge the independence of this section of text, but the ordinatio demarks it distinctly.

      Decoration:

      • fol. 117r/b15: Eight-line black 'I', marking beginning of bridge passage.

  26. Item: 117v/a18-"118r/b51"

      Title (B.3.1.3.25.EM): Orrumulum: Fit 23a (single homily on Jn 4:1) [ll. 19551-19818]

      Incipit: Affterr þatt ure Laferrd Crist

      Explicit: ȝæn himm ˥ ȝæn his lare.

      Text Language: English

      Note: Matthes treats this as a double homily, pairing it with the next item, but the structure of the homily and the allusion to a single 'Goddspel' [l. 19611] suggests Orrm envisaged them as separate.

      Decoration:

      • fol. 117v/a18: Four-line black 'A', marking beginning of homily.
      • fol. 117v/a50: Partly-erased five-line black 'A' [l. 19585].
      • fol. 117v/b1: Three-line black 'N', marking beginning of paraphrase of exposition

  27. Item: 118r/b52-"119v"

      Title (B.3.1.3.26.EM): Orrumulum: Fit 23b (single homily on Mk 6:17) [ll. 19819-20068]

      Incipit: Herode King of Galile

      Explicit: þatt [xxx(unclear: loss) hu [xxx(unclear: loss) himm [xxx(unclear: loss) þ [xxx(unclear: loss)

      Text Language: English

      Note: Matthes treats this as the second half of a double homily, pairing it with the preceding item, but the structure of the preceding homily and the allusion to a single 'Goddspel' [l. 19611] suggests Orrm envisaged them as separate.

      Most of fol. "119" has been torn away, leaving the end of the homily imperfect.

      Matthes suggests Fit 24 (a homily on Jn 4:5) begins between ll. 20019-20036, but the text is so imperfect at this point that it is impossible to be sure.

      The text printed by Holt-White as ll. 20053-69 is no longer visible in the manuscript.

      Decoration:

      • fol. 118r/b52: Four-line black 'H', marking beginning of homily.

Physical Description:

Object Description:

Form: Codex

Support: Parchment. [i] + ii + 117 + [i], numbered [i], 1-118, [119], [ii]. the front and endleaf are unnumbered modern paper flyleaves. Fols 1, 2 comprise a bifolium bearing thirteenth-century writing and are not necessarily an integral part of the codex. Fols 3-118, [119] constitute the manuscript proper.

Extent:

Foliation and/or Pagination: Foliated in modern pencil. Junius numbered the columns in the seventeenth century. His numeration is key to reconstructing the extent of the codex before it suffered the significant losses detailed below.

Collation:

Condition: The manuscript is extremely lacunose. The condition of the parchment is variable, with the edges of some leaves crumbling. This has not generally affected the text yet.

Note:

Layout description:

  1. Layout:

Hand description:

Decoration Description:

Additions:

Binding Description:

Accompanying Material:

History:

Additional Information:

Administration Information:

Surrogates:

Bibliography: