Edited by Orietta Da Rold, Takako Kato, Mary Swan and Elaine Treharne

(University of Leicester, 2010; last update 2013)

http://www.le.ac.uk/ee/em1060to1220, ISBN 095323195X

The Production and Use of English Manuscripts 1060 to 1220

Takako Kato

Cambridge, University Library, Ii. 2. 4

Cambridge, University Library, Ii. 2. 4

The Production and Use of English Manuscripts: 1060 to 1220

© 2010-13 The Production and Use of

English Manuscripts 1060 to 1220 |

Ed. by ODR, TK, MS & ET, ISBN 095323195X |

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King Alfred's translation of Gregory the Great, The Pastoral Care

Date: s. xi3/4

Summary:

The incipit of the preface (Item 1; fol. 5r/3) shows that this copy is derived from one sent by Alfred to Wulfsige, who was bishop of Sherborne in the last decade of s. ix and who may be identical with Wulfsige, the successor of Heahstan, bishop of London, c. 900. It is followed by a metrical preface (Item 2; fols 6v-7r) and by a list of the 65 chapters, numbered incorrectly I-LXIII (Item 3; fols 7r-10r). The text begins on fol. 10v (Item 4), and ends imperfectly: the chapters in the text are not numbered.

Manuscript Items:

  1. Item: fols 5r/1-6v/14

      Title (B.9.1.3.1.EM): Gregory the Great, Pastoral Care, Letter to Wærferth

      Rubric (initial): (fol. 5r/1-2) Ðis is seo fore spræc hu sanctus Gregorius þas boc gedihte | þe man pastoralem nemnað. |

      Incipit: (fol. 5r/3-4) ÆLFRED KYNING HATEÐ GRETAN. ǷULFSIGE BISCEOP HIS | ƿordum luflice ˥ freondlice.

      Explicit: (fol. 6v/12-14) for þi ic ƿolde þæt hi ealneƿeg æt þære | stoƿe wæren. buton se biscop hi mid him habban ƿylle. | oððe heo hƿær to læne sy. oððe hƿa oðre bi ƿrite.

      Text Language: English

      Other versions of the text:

      • CCCC 12
      • CTC R. 5. 22
      • Otho B. ii
      • Otho B. x
      • Tiberius B. xi + Kassel, Landesbibliothek, Anhang 19
      • Junius 53 [a transcript made by Junius in the seventeenth-century, based on Tiberius B. xi.]
      • Hatton 20

      Bibliography:

  2. Item: fols 6v/16-7r/2

      Title (A.36): The Metrical Preface to The Pastoral Care

      Incipit: (fol. 6v/15-16) Ðis æryndgeƿrit Agustinus ofer sealtne sæ suðan | brohte.

      Explicit: (fol. 7v/1-2) for þam hi his sume þorftan þa þe læden spræce | læste cuðon.

      Text Language: English

      Other versions of the text:

      • CCCC 12
      • CTC R. 5. 22
      • Otho B. ii
      • Otho B. x
      • Cotton Tiberius B. xi + Kassel, Landesbibliothek, Anhang 19
      • Junius 53 (a transcript made by Junius in the seventeenth-century, based on Tiberius B. xi.)
      • Hatton 20

      Note: The colour of Ð in the Incipit is faded the pale brown.

      Bibliography:

  3. Item: fols 7r/3-10r/19

      Title (B.9.1.3.2): Gregory the Great, Pastoral Care, Headings

      Rubric (initial): (fol. 7r/3) CAPITULE LIBRI SEQUENIS: (Now the colour is faded to pale brown.)

      Incipit: (fol. 7r/4) ÐÆT te ungelæryde ne dyrrren under fon lareƿdóm. (dark green.)

      Explicit: (fol. 10r/17) þonne hƿa þis eall ge fylled hæbbe hu he þonne sceal | hine selfne ge þencean ˥ ongitan þy læs hine aðer oððe hir lif oððe hir lar to up ahebbe.

      Other versions of the text:

      • CCCC 12
      • CTC R. 5. 22
      • Otho B. ii
      • Otho B. x
      • Tiberius B. xi + Kassel, Landesbibliothek, Anhang 19
      • Junius 53 (a transcript made by Junius in the seventeenth-century, based on Tiberius B. xi.)
      • Hatton 20

      Note: The table of headings is numbered incorrectly: chapter 1 is numbered as chapter 2, hence it says chapters ii - lxii. The rest of 10r is blank, and the main text begins on a new page.

      Decoration: The chapter headings begin with coloured initial letters. The first two letters ('B' of 'Be þære byrðene þæs reccend domes...' and 'Bi þam þe magon on ealdor dome ...') are in red, then the colour alternates in the order of red, green, red, blue. Chapter numbers are in red; mostly in metallic red.

      Bibliography:

  4. Item: fols 10v/1-146v/24

      Title (B.9.1.3): Gregory the Great, The Pastoral Care

      Incipit: (fol. 10v/1-2) ÐV LEOFESTA BROÐVR | sƿide freondlice ˥ sƿide fremsumlice þu me tæloest

      Explicit: (fol. 146v/22-24) Ac | ic þe bidde þæt þu me on þam scip gebroce þises andƿeardan lifes sum | bryd geræce þinra gebeda. þæt ic mæge on syttan oð ic to lande cume.

      Other versions of the text:

      • CCCC 12
      • CTC R. 5. 22
      • Cotton, Otho B. ii
      • Otho B. x
      • Tiberius B. xi + Kassel, Landesbibliothek, Anhang 19
      • Junius 53 (a transcript made by Junius in the seventeenth-century, based on Tiberius B. xi.)

      Note: The text ends imperfectly, as Sweet 1871-72, p. 467/25. At the top of fol. 146v, 'Leaves 147, 148 want'; at the bottom of the page, 'finis', both in later hand.

      Decoration: The first line of the text is all in metallic red and very large rustic capital letters. Chapter headings are in metallic red and green, and new chapters begin with large initial letters written in the margin. The coloured initials are alternately red, blue, and green. Sometimes the scribe changes line to begin the heading, but he always chose to bite into the space for the next chapter, rather than having only one or two words. There is no space between chapters. The chapters are not numbered. The scribe sometimes began sentences with an emphasized (but not coloured) letter (for example, 52r/5).

      Bibliography:

Physical Description:

Object Description:

Form: Codex

Support: Fols 3-4 are post-medieval parchment. Fols 5-146 are medieval parchment, arranged HHFF. Fols 149-51 were originally pastedown and flyleaves. See below under 'Quires'.

Extent:

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Collation:

Condition:

The sixteenth century binding had four bosses (now missing), and the metals seem to have damaged the parchments up to fol. 5.

Fols 5-28: leaves are damaged, and repaired with modern paper.

Fol. 13 badly damaged.

Layout description:

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