Edited by Orietta Da Rold, Takako Kato, Mary Swan and Elaine Treharne

(University of Leicester, 2010; last update 2013)

http://www.le.ac.uk/ee/em1060to1220, ISBN 095323195X

The Production and Use of English Manuscripts 1060 to 1220

Thom Gobbitt

Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, 383

Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, 383

The Production and Use of English Manuscripts: 1060 to 1220

© 2010-13 The Production and Use of

English Manuscripts 1060 to 1220 |

Ed. by ODR, TK, MS & ET, ISBN 095323195X |

Back to List of MSS and Descriptions

Law-codes and related texts

Date: s. xiiin

Summary:

A collection of Anglo-Saxon law-codes and related texts. The manuscript has been given various dates from the late eleventh century through to the second quarter of the twelfth century. Early twentieth-century descriptions of the manuscript proposed a date of 1125-1130 (see Liebermann 1903, James 1903, pp. 230-231). Ker 1957 revises this to an earlier date of s. xii/xii (pp. 110-13). The date can be further refined to s. xiiin following the dating criteria for twelfth-century vernacular hands given by Treharne 2000.

The marginalia in Latin and French (pp. 48-52) are s. xii/xiii; lines in French (p. 5) are s. xiii.

Manuscript Items:

  1. Item: fol. 30v/ 20-26 and fol. 10r/1-3

      Title (B.14.34): Blaseras

      Incipit: (fol. 39v/ 20-23) ǷE CǷEDON BE ÐAM blaserum· | ˥ beðam morð slihtum þæt mon dypte ðone | að beðry fealdum ˥ myclade þæt ordal ·isen · | ðet hit ƿæge ðreo pund·

      Explicit: (fol. 10r/ 2-3) hƿæðer he | hlif age ðe nage þeto ðære byrig hyron·

      Text Language: English

      Other versions of the text:

      Note: The layout of the beginning of the law-code has a similar degree of emphasis to many of the sub-divisions of Alfred-Ine. Wormald (1999) argues that this and the following two items, Forfang and Hundredgemot, had become associated with Alfred-Ine as appendices. Richards (1986) argues that I Æthelred was also used in the manuscript as a fourth appendix to Alfred-Ine.

      In the current ordering of the manuscript this item is split between two quires, with the beginning of the item at the end of Quire 3 and the end of the item at the beginning of Quire 1.

      Decoration: A two-line, red, pen-drawn initial Ƿis inset into the first two lines of the item, fol. 30v/20-21.

      Bibliography:

  2. Item: fol. 30v/20
  3. Item: fol. 10r/3-19

      Title (B.14.35): Forfang

      Incipit: (fol. 10r/3-5) For | fang ofer eal syhit on anscire sy hit on ma· | fiftyne penegas·

      Explicit: (fol. 10r/18-19) forðam bið | on læsse plihte begytan·

      Text Language: English

      Other versions of the text:

      • RCL A. 3. 5, Textus Roffensis. The version in the Textus Roffensis consists only of the first clause of the law-code, fol. 10r/ 3-6 in CCCC 383.

      Note: The transition from the preceding item (Blaseras) is marked only by a majuscule 'F' produced by the main hand.

      Two interlinear additions made by hand 3a, s. xii2/4 'engle' and 'm' both at fol. 10r/ 8.

      Decoration: A two-line, red, pen-drawn E is indented into the text-block following a sub-division in the law-code at fol. 10r/7-8.

      Bibliography:

  4. Item: fol. 10r/6

      Text Language: English

      Date: s. xii1

      Hand: 3a

      Note: Rubric to Forfang.

      Bibliography:

  5. Item: fol. 10r/19 to 11r/9

      Title (B.14.15): Hundredgemot

      Incipit: (fol. 10r/19-20) Ðis is seo ge ræd | nyss humon þæt hundred haldan | sceal · ærest (addition: Addition in margin) þæt he heo gegaderian a ymb | feoƿer ƿucan·

      Explicit: (fol. 11r/8-9) Ðæt | isen ðe bið to ðrim fealdum · ordale· þæt ƿege ·iii·pund·

      Text Language: English

      Note:

      The law-code begins mid-line, following on from the end of Forfang, with an 'Ð' in the main hand and ink as the rest of the item but with the shaft and bowl produced with two overlapping strokes to create a thicker, darker line. The end of the law-code originally ran into the following item I Æthelred, although the end was erased and amended into the right margin of fol. 11r/9 by Hand 3b when the break with the following law-code was re-worked and emphasised.

      A number of interlinear corrections and one in the margin to the item, most probably by hand 3a.

      • fol. 10r/ right margin: 'þæt hundred haldan | sceal. ærest' providing words lost due to eyeskip.
      • fol. 10v/ 16: 'he'
      • fol. 10v/ 18: erasure.
      • fol. 10v/ 20: 'anna'

      Two '˥' have been inserted into fol. 11r/6 and 7, possibly by Hand 1 or Hand 3b.

      The end of the item on fol. 11r/10 has been erased and re-written in the right margin following on from line 9 by hand 3b: 'ge·iii· pund .'

      Decoration: A two-line, red, pen-drawn G is indented into the text-block following a sub-division in the law-code at fol. 10r/22-23.

      Bibliography:

  6. Item: fol. 10r/22-24, right margin

      Text Language: English

      Date: s. xii1

      Hand: 3a

      Note: Rubric to Hundredgemot.

      Bibliography:

  7. Item: fol. 11r/10 -12r/20

      Title (B.14.20): I Æthelred

      Incipit: (fol. 11r/10-11) Ðis is þage ræddnysse þe æþelred | cining

      Explicit: (fol. 12r/19-20) sƿa ure ealra cƿide is. sylle | ðam cynge hund tƿelftig scillingas

      Text Language: English

      Other versions of the text:

      Note: The item appears to have begun originally midway through fol. 11r/10. Line 10 was erased and the beginning of the item re-written by Hand 3b to begin at the left bounding line of line 10 and with two letters in the left margin of line 11. The re-written portion is: ' Ðis is þage ræddnysse þe æþelred | ci'

      Other additions and alterations to the item consist of:

      • fol. 11r/ right margin parallel to lines 11-13, Hand 3a addition: '˥ to | anfaldum | anpund'.
      • fol. 11v/8: a paraph has been inserted into the text-block by an unknown hand.
      • fol. 11v/17: a diacratic has been added to 'heo' by an unknown hand.
      • fol. 11v/19: interlinear addition of 'his', possibly by Hand 3a.
      • fol. 11v/23: interlinear addition of 'be', possibly by Hand 3a.
      • fol. 12r/right margin parallel to line 4, Hand 3a addition: 'þam ordale mear | cne man hine æt'.

      Decoration: A two-line red pen-drawn Ð is set into the left margin adjacent to the text-block at fol. 11r/9-10 following the re-working of the division in the text-block with the preceding item, Hundredgemot by the miniator and Hand 3b.

      Bibliography:

  8. Item: fol. 11r/10-11, right margin
  9. Item: fol. 12v/2-26

      Title (B.14.5): Alfred and Guthrum

      Incipit: (fol. 12v/2-5) ÐIS IS þæt frið ðæt ælfred cyng ˥ guðrum | cing· ˥ ealles angel cynnes ƿitan · ˥ eal seo | ðeod ðe on east englum beoð·˥ ge sƿoren hab | bað·

      Explicit: (fol. 12v/25-26) þæt ure ænig to | oðrum fæce mid yrfe · and mid æhtum·

      Text Language: English

      Note: This is the first version of Alfred and Guthrum in the manscript, catalogued and edited by Liebermann as 'B2'.

      The item has been altered and added to in the margins and in the interlinear space. Most of these alterations appear to be by Hand 3a, but one is probably by hand 2.
      • fol. 12v/4: interlinear addition, 'cƿeþ', Hand 3.
      • fol. 12v/left margin parallel to line 5: '˥ mid aþum | gefæstnod', Hand 3a.
      • fol. 12v/right margin parallel to line 5: 'ingram', probably Hand 3a.
      • fol. 12v/left margin parallel to line 10: 'þis þonne', probably Hand 2.
      • fol. 12v/14: over an erasure, in the interlinear space and ending in the right margin: ' þa syndon eac efen dyre ægþer tƿa hund | scyllinga', Hand 3.
      • fol. 12v/22: interlinear addition, 'e', uncertain hand.

      Decoration: A three-line, red, pen-drawn initial Ð is indented into the text-block at the beginning of the item, fol. 12v/1-3.

      Bibliography:

  10. Item: fol. 12v/1, right margin

      Rubric (initial): (fol. 12v/1) ÆLFREDES LAGA CYNINGES·

      Text Language: English

      Date: s. xii1

      Hand: 3a

      Note: Rubric to Alfred and Guthrum. This rubric seems to have been anticipated in the initial production of the manuscript, unlike the vast majority of rubrics in CCCC 383, as the first line of the item (fol. 12v/1) was left blank to accommodate it.

      Bibliography:

  11. Item: fol. 13r/1 - 14v/24

      Title (B.14.6): Edward and Guthrum

      Incipit: (fol. 13r/1-4) AND ÐIS IS SEOGE rædnyss· eac | ðe ælfred cyng · ˥guðrum cyng · ˥eft | eadƿard cyng · ˥gyþrum cyng ·gecuran · | ˥ge cƿædon ·

      Explicit: (fol. 14v/22-24) sƿa hit gebyrige oððe ða | dæde · ƿrece · sƿiðe deope· ðe cyning syon | ðeode·

      Text Language: English

      Other versions of the text:

      Decoration: A two-line, red, pen-drawn initial A is indented into the text-block at the beginning of the item, fol. 13r/1-2.

      Bibliography:

  12. Item: fol. 13r/1-2, right margin

      Rubric (initial): (fol. 13r/ 1-2 right margin) EFT HIS ·˥Guðru | mes·˥eadƿar | deS ·

      Text Language: English

      Other versions of the text:

      Date: s. xii1

      Hand: 3a

      Note: Rubric to Edward and Guthrum.

      Bibliography:

  13. Item: fol. 14v/25 - 15v/26

      Title (B.14.9): II Æthelstan

      Incipit: (fol. 14v/25-15r/1) ÆrEST ÐET MAN NE SǷArige (addition: interlinear) NANNE ÐEOF ÐE | æt hæbendre hand ge fangen sy· || ofer tƿelf ƿinterne·

      Explicit: (fol. 15v/25-26) gyf ðær | man acƿeald ƿære· ˥ he his æt sacan

      Text Language: English

      Other versions of the text:

      Note: Ancephalous: the item ends abruptly at the end of Quire 1 (fol. 15v/ 26), from which it can be deduced that another quire originally followed on from it.

      A number of alterations and additions:
      • fol. 14v/25: interlinear addition, 'rige', Hand 3.
      • fol. 15r/6: erasure and amendment, 'Oþer gif', probably Hand 2.
      • fol. 15r/left margin adjacent to line 9: 'a', uncertain hand.
      • fol. 15v/11: interlinear addition, 't', uncertain hand.
      • fol. 15v/15: interlinear addition, 'h', uncertain hand.
      • fol. 15v/20: diacritic added to 'ful', uncertain hand.
      • fol. 15v/21: diacritic added to 'ful', uncertain hand.
      • fol. 15/left margin parallel to line 22: 'q· bete', possibly Hand 3.

      Decoration: A two-line, red, pen-drawn initial Æ is inset into the beginning of the item, fol. 14v/25-26.

      Two-line red initials are indented at the start of each of the sub-divisions of the item in the text-block: fol. 15r/18-19, fol. 15v/2-3, 17-18 and 24-25.

      Bibliography:

  14. Item: fols 14v/24-15r/17

      Rubric (initial): (fol. 14v/24) Be ðeofum ·

      Explicit: (fol. 15r/17) Be lafordleafum mannum·

      Text Language: English

      Other versions of the text:

      Date: s. xii1

      Hand: 3a

      Note: Rubrics to II Æthelstan.

      Bibliography:

  15. Item: fol. 16r/1 - 30v/19

      Title (B.14.4): Alfred-Ine

      Incipit: (fol. 16r/1) Oþres bisceopes · oððe ealdor mannes | borges bryce·oððe mund byrd · ge bete | mid· ii·pundum

      Explicit: (fol. 30v/19) gyf hit bisceop sunu sy· sybe helafum ðem·

      Text Language: English

      Other versions of the text:

      Note: Acephalous: the beginning of the law-code is no longer extant, and it currently begins at the start of what is now Quire 2 (fol. 17r). From this it can be deduced that at least one quire originally preceded it. A folio, originally positioned between fols 20 and 21, is missing from Quire 2.

      The item has been heavily amended, with around 250 interventions in the form of interlinear and marginal additions, erasures and alteration of the text-block and punctuation. The majority of the alterations are either by Hand 3a or without diagnostic traits to identify the hand, although Hands 1, 2 and 3b are also occasionally present.
      • An erasure changes 'iii·pundum' to 'ii' by removing the first minim. This is emphasised by the interlinear addition of 'ii' in brown ink immediately above the remaining text.
      • 'Ælfredi' has been added as running heading in the upper margin of the recto and 'Leges' on the upper margin of the verso of fols 16 to 22, by an unknown hand.
      • 'Inæ' has been added as running heading in the upper margin of the recto and 'Leges' on the upper margin of the verso of fols 23 to 30, by an unknown hand.
      • Punctuation has been altered by an unkown hand at fols 16r/7 and 25, 16v/20, 17r/7, 12 14 and 25, 17v/2, 4, 6 and 23, and at 18r/20 and 22.
      • Diacritcs have been added to the item by an unknown hand at fols 23r/9,10, 14 and 20, 23v/18, 25v/5 and 11, 27v, 23, 29r/6 and 14, and at 29v/13.
      • Erasures without subsequent addition of items at fols 16v/13, 21r/19, 21v/11-12 and 20, 22v/11, 23r/6, 23r/20, 23v/16, 24r/18, 24v/2, 25v/2, 7, 22 and 24, 26v/8, 28r/26, 29r/18, 29v/3 and at 30r/18.
      • Paraphs in brown or black ink have been added at fols 16r/10 and 20, 16v/3 and 7 (both in the left margin adjacent to the line), 17r/ 15, 17v/17, 18v/ left margin adjacent to lines 2-5, 19r/13, 15, 19 and 25, 19v/17, 20r/ 18, 21r/5 and 18, 22r/7 and 24, 22v/1, 6, 20 and 24, 23r/8, 24r/13, 24v/3 and 11, 25r/4, 27r/8 and 26, 27v/14, 28v/16,29r/11 and 20, and at 29v/11.
      • Interlinear additions of one word or less can be found at fols 16r/3, 16r/5, 16r/16, 16r/18, 16r/21, 16v/1, 16v/3, 16v/7, 16v/10, 16v/23, 17r/10 (linear addition), 17r/right margin parallel to line 15, 17r/18, 17r/25, 17v/6, 17v/13,18r/5 (two linear additions and one interlinear), 18r/17, 18r/22 (linear addition), 18v/5, 18v/9, 18v/right margin parallel to line 24, 18v/25, 19r/9 (linear addition), 19r, 12, 19r/15 (linear addition), 19r/22, 19r/23, 19r/25, 19v/7, 19v/18 (linear addition), 20r/9, 20r/right margin, parallel to line 13, 20r/14, 20r/16, 20r/24, 20v/7, 20v/15, 22r/3 (four interventions), 22v/3, 23r/13, 23r/14, 23v/6, 24v/1 (linear addition), 24v/left margin parallel to line 2, 24v/6, 24v/7, 24v/9 (linear addition), 24v/15 (linear addition), 24v/17, 24v/24, 25r/7, 25r/19, 25v/3, 25v/7 (linear addition), 25v/15 (linear addition), 25v/23, 25v/24, 26r/left margin parallel to line 3, 26r/ 11 (two interventions), 26r/13 (linear addition), 26r/15, 26v/24, 27r/7, 27r/8, 27r/19, 27v/3 (linear addition), 27v/7, 27v/8, 27v/22, 27v/26, 28r/4, 28r/15, 28v/left margin parallel to line 6, 28v/16, 28v/18 (two interventions), 28v/19, 28v/26 (two interventions), 29r/1 (two interventions), 29r/3, 29r/8, 29r/11 (one linear and one interlinear addition), 29r/12, 29r/13, 29r/18, 29v/2, 29v/24, 30r/19, 30r/right margin parallel to line 22, 30v/7, 30v/right margin parallel to 7, 30v/15, 10v/18, 30v/19 and 30v/24 (linear addition).
      • fol. 16v/left margin parallel to line 13: 'Æt oþrum cerre', possibly Hand 3a.
      • fol. 20r/right margin parallel to lines 6 to 8: 'gif he þone beo [xx(unclear: trimming) | rd of ascere mi [xx(unclear: trimming) | xx. scillinga ge bet [xx(unclear: trimming) ', Hand 3a. The end of each line has been trimmed.
      • fol. 20r/right margin parallel to line 12: 'Gif beforan | eagum', Hand 3a.
      • fol. 20r/right margin parallel to line 13: 'gylde | þone ƿer', Hand 2.
      • fol. 20v/left margin parallel to line 23: 'ceorles eoder | brvce . fif | scillingas .', Hand 3a.
      • fol. 20v/right margin parallel to line 25: 'sihit tƿi | bote Gif | mann | anlen [x(unclear: in gutter) | te', Hand 3a.
      • fol. 21v/left margin parallel to line 1: 'Gif man odrum | þæt nebb of aftea | ge bete hit mid | feoƿertig scillinga', Hand 3a.
      • fol. 24r/left margin parallel to line 22: 'ƿið godd | seoplice | bete', Hand 3a.
      • fol. 27v/13, interlinear addition: 'Giþ ƿylisc', possibly Hand 3a.
      • fol. 28v/23, interlinear addition: 'þam syllend', Hand 1.
      • fol. 30r/right margin parallel to line 4: '˥ tynges | ˥ ƿenti hen | na | ˥ tyn cysas', Hand 3.

      Decoration:

      One-line and two-line red initials are indented into the text-block at the beginning of each of the sub-divisions of the item, fols 16r/4 and 14-15, 16v/11, 17 and 24, 17r/9, 19 and 24, 17v/8, 12, 17, 21 and 26, 18r/3, 7 and 18, 18v/4, 8, 13, 17 and 26, 19r/2-3, 7, 11, 13 and 19, 19v/2, 5-6, 11, 17-18 and 26, 20r/10-11 and 18, 20v/4, 9, 12 and 19, 21r/10-12, 15, 18 and 23, 23r/18, 22 and 26, 23v/7, 11 and 15, 24r/4, 9, 13, 16, 20, 23 and 25, 24v/3, 6, 10, 13-14, 17, 20 and 23, 25r/1, 8-9, 12-13, 21-22, 25v/1, 7, 10, 13-14, 18 and 22, 26r/1, 4, 8-9, 10-11, 16-17 and 25-26, 26v/6-7, 10, 16 and 20, 27r/1, 15 and 24, 27v/2-3, 8-9, 16, 18 and 23, 28r/6, 12-13, 16 and 19, 28v/6, 18-19, 20, 25, 29r/6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13-14, 18 and 20, 29v/6, 9-10, 11, 13, 14, 20, 22 and 24-25, 30r/7, 11, 15 and 18, and at 30v/ 3 and 10.

      Following an erasure and amendment (possibly by Hand 3b and in association with the miniator), the beginning of the Laws of Ine has been re-worked and a five-line, red, initial I added into the left margin of fol. 23r, adjacent to lines 3-8.

      Red paraph marks are inserted into the text-block of the item on fols 17v/17 and 26,18r/3. 21v/ 2, 6, 7, 9, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 19, 20, 22 and 24, 22r/ 1, 3, 4, 6, 8, 11, 12, 13, 15, 16, 17 and 20 and at 22v/2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 11, 14, 16, 18, 22 and 26.

      Bibliography:

  16. Item: fols 16r/3-30v/12, margins and empty line space

      Explicit: (fol. 30v/9-12, right margin) BEGODFÆDERES oððe | GODSU | NES | SLA | TE·

      Text Language: English

      Other versions of the text:

      Date: s. xii1

      Hand: 3b

      Note: Rubrics to Alfred-Ine. In other manuscript witnesses, the capitula list is given at the beginning and only the numbers are inserted into the text-block. It would appear that Hand 1 anticipated the production of Alfred-Ine to follow this pattern as space was not left for the full capitula to be rubricated adjacent to the corresponding clauses.

      Rubrics are inserted into the text-block and margins where space can be found at at fols 16v/16-18 and 23-24, 17r/8, 19 and 23, 17v/7, 17, 20-21 and the lower margin, 18r/3-5 and 17-18, 18v/3-5, 7, 12-13, 16-17 and 25, 19r 1, 6, 11, 13-14 and 19, 19v/10, 16 and 25-26, 20r/9-10 and 18, 20v/2-4, 8, 11-13, 17-18 and 26, 21r/10 and 14, 23r/5, 23v/7, 10 and 15, 24r/3, 8, 12, 16, 19, 22 and 25-26, 24v/5, 10-11, 12, 16, 19, 22-23 and 26, 25r/upper margin, 6, 9-11, 12-13, 18, 22 and 26, 26r/3-4, 7-8, 10, 15-16 and 25, 26v/5-6, 9-14, 15-16, 19-20 and 25-26, 27r/ 14 and 22-24, 27v/ 2, 7, 17-19 and 21-23, 28r/5-6, 11, 15 and 18-19, 28v/5-7, 17, 19-21 and 25, 29r/13, 17 and 20-22, 29v/4-6, 8, 11, 12, 14, 18-20, 21-22 and 24-25, 30r/6, 10, 13-14 and 17-18, and at 30v/3-5.

      Bibliography:

  17. Item: fols 38r/1-52v/1

      Title (B.14.30): I, II Cnut

      Incipit: (fol. 38r/1) mæsse dæge·sƿa he be boden beo

      Explicit: (fols 52r/26-52v/1) God ælmihtig || us eallum ge milt sie sƿa his ƿilla sy. amen.

      Text Language: English

      Other versions of the text:

      Note: The beginning of the law-code is no longer extant, and it currently begins at the start of what is now Quire 4 (fol. 38r). From this it can be deduced that at least one quire originally preceded it.

      The item has been heavily amended, with around 200 interventions in the form of interlinear and marginal additions, erasures and alteration of the text-block and punctuation. The majority of the alterations are either by hand 3a or there are no diagnostic traits to identify theH hand, although Hands 1 and 2 are also occasionally present.
      • 'Leges' has been added as running heading in the upper margin of the verso and 'Cnuti' on the upper margin of the verso of fols 38v to 52r, by an unknown hand.
      • Punctuation has been altered by an unknown hand at fols 39r/15, 41r/20 and 22, 44v/14 and at 46v/6.
      • Diacritcs have been added to the item by an unknown hand at fols 38v/9, 39v/21, 23 and 25, 41v/1, 2, 9, 12, 15, 17 and 18, 42r/20, 21 and 22, 42v/9, 12, 14, 18 and 19, 43r/19 and 26, 43v/5, 44r/4 and 6, 44v/12, 17 and 26, 45r/3, 4, 5, 13, 15, 18, 19 and 22, 45v/6, 46v/3, 4 and 5, 47v/9, 48v/24 and at 50v/16.
      • Erasures without subsequent addition of items at fols 38r/23-24, 38v/7 and 26, 41r/9, 42v/18, 43v/4 and 6, 44v/4,15 and 26, 45r/22, 46v/3, 7, 15 and 25, 47r/8, 10, 13 and 16, 47v/13, 48v/23, 49r/17, 49v/3, 50r/10, 51r/9 and at 51v/3.
      • Paraphs in brown or black ink have been added at fols 51r/5 and 51v/13.
      • Interlinear additions of one word or less can be found at fols 38v/8 (two interventions) and 26, 39r/1 (linear addition), 15 and 16 (right margin), 39v/1, 4 (left margin and also a linear addition), 16 and 24, 40r/6 and 21 (right margin), 40v/18 (linear addition), 41r/9 (linear addition) and 10, 41v/14, 42r/11, 42v/6 and 15, 43r/3, 4 (linear addition), 12 (linear addition), 16 and 22, 43v/4, 9 (linear addition), 10 and 18, 44r/13, 14 (linear addition) and 20 (linear addition), 44v/17 and 24, 45r/6, 17, 22 and 24 (linear addition), 46v/6 (linear addition), 7 (interlinear addition and also a linear addition), 10, 11, 15 (left margin), 19 (linear addition) and 23 (interlinear addition and also in right margin), 47r/4 (right margin), 10, 12 (left margin and also a linear addition), 13, 16 and 22, 47v/1 (linear addition), 3 (linear addition), 8 and 15, 48r/5, 6 (right margin, Hand 2) and 20, 48v/upper margin, 7 (linear addition and interlinear addition), 14, 7 (left margin), 19 (left margin, Hand 2) and 23 (Hand 2), 49r/8 (linear addition) and 10 (linear addition), 49v/14, 50r/11 (right margin), 21 and 26, 50v/1, 51v/2 (linear addition), 10, 17 and 25 and at 52r/14.
      • fol. 39r/right margin parallel to line 24: 'ƿessculanus | gebiddan 7m | þam credan', Hand 3a.
      • fol. 42v/23: interlinear addition, 'and daga', possibly Hand 2.
      • fol. 43r/right margin parallel to line 17: 'on þreo | hundredan | ˥ þeo faldne | að', probably Hand 3a.
      • fol. 43v/left margin parallel to line 19: '˥ mannge | craƿancan | þæt þærbrygde | biþ', possibly Hand 2.
      • fol. 44v/left margin parallel to line 11: 'þe þæs ƿurþe | si', Hand 3a.
      • fol. 46v/left margin parallel to line 15: 'hine sylfne', Hand 3a.
      • fol 48r/11-12: 'driue himan | of', Hand 3b.
      • fol. 48r/left margin parallel to line 15: 'þone | banan', Hand 3a.
      • fol. 48r/17: interlinear addition, '˥ ƿæclæne | ƿyrþ', Hand 2.
      • fol. 49r/12: erasure and amendment, 'ƿelige ˥ ƿædle frige ˥ þeoƿæ', Hand 3a.
      • fol. 50r/18: interlinear addition, 'gyf heo', hand 3.
      • fol. 50r/21 and right margin parallel to lines 21-25: 'þurh þone ærran ƿere heafde . ˥ for [xx(unclear: Trimming) | þanyxtan fry [xx(unclear: Trimming) | to þam lande [xx(unclear: Trimming) | to þam æltte þ [xx(unclear: Trimming) | heo ærhæf [xx(unclear: Trimming) | ˥ si he his [xx(unclear: Trimming) ', Hand 3a, item trimmed at the edge of the folio.
      • fol. 50v/8: interlinear addition, 'uete riht', Hand 3a.
      • fol. 51r/right margin parallel to line 3: '˥ hiretægan', Hand 3a.

      Decoration: One-line and two-line red initials are indented into the text-block at the beginning of each of the sub-divisions of the item, at fols: 40r/22-23, 41v/25-26, 49r/20, 23-24 and 26, 49v/5-6 and 16, 50r/4-5, 50v/17-18, 51r/5, 7-8, 14, 20 and 21-23, 51v/5, 11, 13, 17, 18, 20 and 24, and at 52r/4, 7, 9, 14, 17, 20 and 24.

      The miniator also amended the text-block heavily throughout the item:

      • Erasure of the text-block and addition of one line red initials at fols 38r/6 and 17, 38v/4, 12, 21 and 26, 39r/21, 39v/15, 40v/18 and 25, 41r/4, 8 and 24, 41v/11, 42r/3, 42v/11, 17 and 25, 43r/19 and 24, 43v/6, 44r/7, 20 and 24, 45r/16, 45v/3, 13 and 21, 46r/2, 6 and 25, 46v/9 and 15, 49v/7 and 26, 50r/16, 50v/4, 8, 21 and 23, and at 52r/26.
      • Insertion of red paraphs into the text-block at fols 42r/9, 43v/18, 44v/1 (large paraph), 46r/13 (large paraph), 46v/2, 18 and 23, 47r/11, 47v/12, 16 (two instances), 22 and 23, 48r/13, 15, 18, 20, 21, 23 and 26, 48v/3 (large paraph), 5 (large paraph), 9 (large paraph), 11 (large paraph), 13 (large paraph), 19 (large paraph), 22 (large paraph) and 25 (large paraph), 51v/5 and 11, and at 52r/9.
      • Highlighting of graphs in the text-block at fols 39r/6, 42r/9, 47v/2, 12, 21, 22 and 23, 48r/13, 15, 18, 23 and 26, and at 49v/26.

      Bibliography:

  18. Item: fols 38r/6-51v/4, margins and empty line space

      Explicit: (51v/4, left margin) Be huntnaðe ·

      Text Language: English

      Date: s. xii1

      Hand: 3b

      Note: Rubrics to I, II Cnut.

      Rubrics are inserted into the text-block and margins where space can be found at at fols 38v/12, 39v/upper margin and 13, 40v/25, 41r/24, 42r/3, 42v/11-12, 17 and 24-25, 43r/10, 44r/6, 44v/1-2 and 16, 45r/15-16, 45v/3-4, 14-15 and 21-22, 46r/2-3 and 13-14, 46v/upper margin and 9-11, 47r/1-3 and 11, 47v/upper margin, 12, 16-17, 21-22 and 24-25, 48r/13, 16, 18-19, 23-24 and 26, 48v/3, 6, 9, 11, 13 and 19, 49r/7, 49v/7-8, 16, 20-21 and lower margin, 50r/16-18, 50v/23-25, and at 51r/13-14 and 21.

      Bibliography:

  19. Item: fols 52v/9-54v/2

      Title (B.14.7): I, II Eadweard

      Incipit: (fol. 52v/9-13) E ADǷERD CYNING byt ðam gerefum eal ~ | lum þæt gedeman sƿa rihte domas sƿa gerih ~ | toste cunnon ˥ hit onðære dombec stande | ne ƿandie for nanum ðingum folc riht to | ge reccanne ·

      Explicit: (fol. 54v/1-2) gyf hit | hƿa ofer hebbe bete sƿa ƿe ær cƿædon·

      Text Language: English

      Other versions of the text:

      Note:

      Seven lines preceding the item were left blank, fol. 52v/2-8

      The only alterations to the item comprise four erasures at fol. 52v/12 and fol. 53v/4, 5 and 25.

      Decoration: The item begins with a two-line red initial E, fol. 52v/9-10. Another two-line red initial E is indented at the sub-division of the item where the second part begins on fol. 53v/3-4. At the subdivision of the item on fol. 54r/24 a single line indent was left in the text-block although this remains without miniaturing.

      Red paraphs have been inserted into the text-block at fol. 53r/9 and 12.

      Bibliography:

  20. Item: fol. 54v/4 - 55r/6

      Title (B.14.13): I Eadmund

      Incipit: (fol. 54v/4-7) E ADMUND CYNING ge somnode micelne | sinoð to lunde byrig onða halgan easter | licon tid ægðær ge godcundra hada ge ƿo | ruldcundra·

      Explicit: (fol. 55r/4-6) ˥ lyblay ƿyrcað syn hy afram ælcum | godes dæle aporpene bute hy to rihtre dæd | bote ge cyrran ·

      Text Language: English

      Other versions of the text:

      Note:

      One line preceding the item was originally left blank, fol. 54v/3.

      Alterations to the item consist of:

        fol. 54v/9: interlinear addition, 'eo', possibly Hand 1 or Hand 3b.
      • fol. 54v/9: interlinear addition, '+', uncertain hand.
      • fol. 54v/10: interlinear addition, 'd', uncertain hand.
      • fol. 54v/11: interlinear addition, 'cumen', possibly Hand 1 or 3b.
      • fol. 54v/12: interlinear addition, 'afte', uncertain hand.
      • fol. 54v/19: interlinear addition, 'cA toitaig', possibly Hand 1 or 3b/
      • fol. 55r/1: interlinear addition, 'refiriat', possibly Hand 1 or 3b.
      • fol. 55r/5: erasure.

      Decoration: The item begins with a two-line red initial E, fol. 54v/4-5.

      Bibliography:

  21. Item: fols 55r/7-56r/11

      Title (B.14.14): II Eadmund

      Incipit: (fol. 55r/7-10) E ADmund cyning cyð eallum folce ge yl | drum gegingrum ðeon his anƿealde syn þætic smeade mid minra ƿitena geðeahte | gegodra hada ge læƿedra·

      Explicit: (fol. 56r/10-11) manbo ~ | te · ðæs on ·xxi· nihton ðæs ƿeres þæt frum gyld ·

      Text Language: English

      Other versions of the text:

      Note:

      The only alterations to the item are three erasures fol. 55r/16, and fol. 55v/4 and 11.

      Decoration: Begins with a two line red initial E indented into the text-block, fol. 55r/7-8. A two-line red initial G is inserted into the text-block over an erasure on fol. 55v/8. A red paraph has been inserted into empty space left in the middle of fol. 55v/22 and a one-line red initial Ƿ is indented into the text-block at fol. 55v/26.

      Bibliography:

  22. Item: fols 56r/12 - 57r/14

      Title (B.14.39): Swerian

      Incipit: (fol. 56r/12-14) O N ðone drihten ðe ðæs halidom | is fore halig ic ƿylle beon ·N· hold ˥getry | ƿe ˥eal lufian þæt he lufað ·

      Explicit: (fol. 57r/12-14) ac | eal ic him ge læste þæt ðæt ic him scolde sƿa | forð sƿa uncre ƿorð ge cƿydu fyr mest ƿæron·

      Text Language: English

      Other versions of the text:

      Note:

      The only alteration is an erasure at fol. 57r/9.

      Decoration: Begins with a one-line red initial O on fol. 56r/12.

      One-line and two-line red initials are indented into the beginning of each of the sub-divisions of the text-block, at fols 56r/12 and 22, 56v/1, 10-11, 16, 19, 21 and 25, 57r/3, 8 and 11.

      A red initial O has been added over an erasure on fol. 56v/1.

      Bibliography:

  23. Item: fols 56v/21-57r/10, margins and empty line space

      Rubric (initial): (56v/12-13 and right margin) Ðus man sceal | sƿerigean hyld | aðas·

      Explicit: (57r/10) And sæcc ·

      Text Language: English

      Date: s. xii1

      Hand: 3b

      Note: Rubrics to Swerian.

      Rubrics are inserted into the text-block and margins where space can be found at fols 56r/21-22, 56v/upper margin, 10-12, 15, 18, 20 and 24-25, and at 57r/2-3.

      Bibliography:

  24. Item: fols 57r/17 - 57v/23

      Title (B.14.5): Alfred and Guthrum

      Incipit: (fol. 57r/17-20) Ð IS IS ÐÆT FRIÐ ÐÆT ÆLfred cyninc ˥ gy | ðrum cyning ˥ ealles angelcynnes ƿitan ˥ | eal seo ðeod ðeon east englum beoð ealle ge | cƿeden habbað

      Explicit: (fol. 57v/22-23) ˥ to sƿutulunge þæt man ƿite ðæt man | clæne bæc hæbbe ·

      Text Language: English

      Note: This is the second version of Alfred and Guthrum in the manuscript, catalogued and edited by Liebermann as 'B1'

      Two lines preceding the item were left blank, fol. 57r/15-16.

      Decoration: The item begins with a three-line, red, initial Ð indented into the text-block, fol. 57r/16-18.

      Bibliography:

  25. Item: fols 57v/2 -58v/4

      Title (B.14.43): Wifmannes beweddung

      Incipit: (fols 57v/24-58r/1) Gif man mædden oððe ƿif ƿeddian ƿille | ˥ hit sƿa hire ˥ freondan gelicege don | is riht þæt se bryd guma æfter godes rihte || ˥ æfter ƿorold gerysnum

      Explicit: (fol. 58v/3-4) ðe læs ðeman | eft tƿæme þæt mæn ær aƿoh

      Text Language: English

      Other versions of the text:

      Note:

      The only alteration to the item is an erasure on fol. 58r/11.

      Decoration: Begins with a one-line, red, initial G indented into the text-block, fol. 57v/24.

      Hand 3a supplied a red rubric into the empty line space immediately preceding the item and in the right margin.

      Bibliography:

  26. Item: fol. 57r/23-25, right margin

      Rubric (initial): (fol. 57r/23-25, right margin) human mæden ƿeddian sceal · | ˥hƿylce foreƿarde þær aghon | tobeon | ne .

      Text Language: English

      Other versions of the text:

      Date: s. xii1

      Hand: 3a

      Note: Rubric to Wifmannes Beweddung.

      Bibliography:

  27. Item: fol. 58v/6-59r/6

      Title (B.14.38): Wer

      Incipit: (fol. 58v/6) Tƿelf hyndes mannes ƿer is tƿelf hund scyll.

      Explicit: (fol. 59r/4-6) Eal man sceal æt cyrliscum ƿere beðære mæ ~ | ðe don ðe him to gebyreð sƿaƿebe tƿelf | hundum tealdan·

      Text Language: English

      Other versions of the text:

      Note: The line preceding the item was originally left blank (fol. 58v/5).

      Decoration: The item begins with a three-line, red, initial T indented into the text-block, fol. 58v/5-7. A one-line, red, initial E is indented into the text-block at fol. 59r/4.

      Two red paraphs have been inserted into the left margin adjacent to majuscules in the text-block at fol. 58v/7 and 20.

      Bibliography:

  28. Item: fol. 57r/23-25, right margin

      Text Language: English

      Date: s. xii1

      Hand: 3a

      Note: Rubric to Wer.

      Bibliography:

  29. Item: fol. 59r/6-20

      Title (B.23.1.6): Prose CharmCharm against cattle-theft

      Incipit: (59r/6-8) Gyf feoh sy under | numen gif hit sy hors sing onhis feotere | oððe onhis bridels·

      Explicit: (fol. 59r/18-20) ge dydon heom dæda ða ƿyrstan hy þæt dro ~ | fe forguldon hælon hit him to hearme | miclum ˥heo hit na for helanne mihton ·

      Text Language: English with Latin ' [C(supplied: deliberately omitted by miniator) rux xpi' section on fol. 59r/13-16.

      Other versions of the text:

      Note: The item has been struck through in red ink.Wormald observes that the ink is definitely not that of Archbishop Parker and suggests that it may have been done by the rubricator, Hand 3a. Gobbitt argues that the charm was almost certainly crossed out by the miniator due to similarities between the inks when observed under UV light and because the item was left without miniaturing.

      The only alteration to the item is the interlinear addition of an 'i' on fol. 59r/14.

      Bibliography:

  30. Item: fols 59r/21-59v/16

      Title (B.14.40): Hit becwæð

      Incipit: (fol. 59r/21-24) h it becƿæð ˥becƿæl seðe hit | ahte mid fullan folcrihte sƿa sƿa hit h (addition: interlinear) is | yldran mid feo ˥ mid feore rihte begea ~ | tan ·

      Explicit: (fol. 59v/14-16) ne | socne neðummes neðearft ne mynte ic | ðe nan ðing·

      Text Language: English

      Other versions of the text:

      Note:

      Alterations to the item consist of the interlinear addition of an 'h' on fol. 59r/ 22 and two erasures at fol. 59v/13 and 14.

      Decoration: The item begins with a three-line red initial h, fol. 59r/19-21.

      Bibliography:

  31. Item: fols 59v/17-62r/2

      Title (B.14.21): II Æthelred

      Incipit: (fol. 59v/17-21) ÐIS SYND ÐAFRIÐ mal ˥ ða for ƿord | ðe æthelred cyng ˥ ealle his ƿitan | ƿið ðone here ge don habbað ðe anlaf | ˥ iustin ˥ guðmund stegitan sunu mid ƿæ | ron ·

      Explicit: (fols 61v/26-62r/2) geƿitnes him to agenunge rymð || for ðam agnung bið nerðam ðe hæfð ðonne | ðam ðe æfter sprecð ·

      Text Language: English

      Note: The only alteration to the item is an erasure on fol. 59v/17.

      Decoration: The item begins with a one-line, red, initial Ð indented into the text-block, fol. 59v/17.

      Bibliography:

  32. Item: fol. 62r/3-63r/ 26

      Title (B.14.31): Dunsæte

      Incipit: (fol. 62r/3-5) ð IS IS SEO GERÆDNES ðe angelcynnes ƿi | tan ˥ ƿealh ðeode rædboran betƿeox | dunsetan ge setton·

      Explicit: (fol. 63r/24-26) eac dunsæte | be þyrfan gif heom secyning an þæt man | huru frið gif laf to heom læte ·

      Text Language: English

      Note:

      Three erasures have been made from the item at fol. 62v/12 and fol. 64v/6 and 12.

      Decoration: The item begins with a two-line, red, initial ð indented into the text-block, fol. 62r/2-3.

      Bibliography:

  33. Item: fols 63v/1 - 66v/23

      Title (B.14.44): Rectitudines

      Incipit: (fol. 63v/1-2) Ð EGEN LAGV IS þæthe sy his boc rihtes ƿyr | de ·

      Explicit: (fol. 66v/22-23) ˥ eal þæt ic ær be foran | ymbe rehte

      Text Language: English

      Note: The only alteration to the item is the addition of a 'g' to fol. 66r/5, possibly by Hand 1 or Hand 3b.

      Decoration: The item begins with a two-line, red, initial ð indented into the text-block, fol. 63v/1-2.

      One-line, two-line and three-line red initials are indented into the beginning of each sub-division of the item in the text-block at fols: 63v/1-2, 10-11 and 20-22, 64r/10, 64v/17 and 25, 65r/12 and 24, 65v/2-3, 5, 11-12, 17, 20 and 25, 66r/3-4, 8, 12, 16, 19 and 23-24, and at 66v/7-8.

      Bibliography:

  34. Item: fols 63v-66v/23, margins and empty line space

      Explicit: (66v/23 and right margin) Be ƿudeƿarde .

      Text Language: English

      Date: s. xii1

      Hand: 3b

      Note: Rubrics to Rectitudines.

      Rubrics are inserted into the text-block and margins where space can be found at at fols 63v/9 and 20, 64r/9-10 and 24-25, 65r/12 and 24, 65v/4-5, 11, 16, 19-20 and 25, and at 66r/8, 11, 15, 19 and 23.

      Bibliography:

  35. Item: fol. 66v/24-69r/14

      Title (B.14.45): Gerefa

      Incipit: (fol. 66v/24-26) SESCAD ƿis gerefa sceal ægðær ƿitan ge | hlafordes land riht ge folces ge rihtu | beðam ðehit of ealddagum·

      Explicit: (fol. 69r/13-14) seðe bet cunne ge | cyðe his mare ·

      Text Language: English

      Note: Three guide letters are present in the left margin of fol. 68v/ parallel to lines 1, 11 and 16, indicating the letters that the miniator was to supply. In the case of the first, an 'a' the miniator actually supplied an Æ .

      Decoration: The item begins with a two-line, red, initial S indented into the text-block, fol. 66v/24-25.

      One-line and two-line red initials are indented into the beginning of each sub-division of the item in the text-block, at fols: 67v/13-14, 19 and 25, 68r/5-6 and 11-12, 68v/1, 11 and 16, and at 69r/6-7.

      Bibliography:

  36. Item: fol. 66v/23

      Text Language: English

      Date: s. xii1

      Hand: 3a

      Note: Rubric to Gerefa.

      Bibliography:

  37. Item: fols 69r/15-69v/2

      Title (B.16.14): London, St Paul's Cathedral, List of 'scipmen'

      Incipit: (fol. 69r/15-16) [S(supplied: Decoration not added) cipmen . Ofticc.iiii .Oftillingaham ·ii· | Ofdun mæƿan. ˥ oftolles funtan . i .

      Explicit: (fol. 69v/1-2) Of suðmynster .v. Of claccingtu | ne ·ii · Of hæþlege · ˥ ofcodanham · i · :~

      Text Language: English

      Date: s. xii2/4

      Hand: 2

      Note: The first two lines have been indented and the opening letter of the item omitted which creates space for miniaturing to be added, fol. 69r/15-16. However, the anticipated miniaturing was not supplied. Hand 2 respected the ruled space of the folios and produced a very similar mise-en-page to that used by Hand 1 for the earlier items in the manuscript.

      Bibliography:

  38. Item: fol. 69v/3-26

      Title (B.18.1): Lists of Kings, Saints, and BishopsWest-Saxon Genealogy

      Incipit: (fol. 69v/3-6) [Þ(supplied: Decoration not added) a ƿæs agangen fram cristes acennednesse | cccc .˥ xciiii . ƿintra þa cerdic ˥ cynric his | sunu coman up æt cerdices oran mid fif sci | pun ˥se cerdic ƿes elesing ·

      Explicit: (69v/24-26) þa feng [xxx(unclear: damage to support) | ƿine to rice þes cyn gæð to cerdice | he heold· ii gear · þa feng ce [xxxxx(unclear: Damage to support) e (The item ends ancaphelous at the end of fol. 69v)

      Text Language: English

      Other versions of the text:

      Date: s. xii2/4

      Hand: 2

      Note: The first two lines have been indented and the opening letter of the item omitted which creates space for miniaturing to be added, fol 69r/15-16. However, the anticipated miniaturing was not supplied. Hand 2 respected the ruled space of the folios and produced a very similar mise-en-page to that used by hand 1 for the earlier items in the manuscript.

      The item is truncated at the end of Quire 7. Hand 2 seems to have made no attempt to abbreviate or compress the item to fit more into the final lines, nor ahs Hand 2 made use of the margins. It would appear that Hand 2, or somebdy with supervisorial control over this later phase of the mansucript's production, intended to extend the manuscript further. Whether these folios or quires were produced and lost or were not actually produced in the first place is beyond the scope of reasonable speculation.

      Bibliography:

Physical Description:

Object Description:

Form: codex

Support: Parchment with a consistent texture and hue throughout the manuscript. The hair-side of the parchment is pale yellow and slighlty darker than the off-white coloured flesh-side.

The only damage to the parchment predating or contemporary to the manuscript's production is a vertical slit in the upper margin of fol. 55. The parchment has suffered abrasion and water damage subsequent to its initial production, particularly on the outer faces of quires. The gutters of the manuscript have been water damaged throughout, although it is particualrly noticable in Quire 7.

Quire 1 (fols 1-9) and Quire 2 (fols 31-37) are both sixteenth-century additions. The parchment is a much paler hue in both of the additional quires and neither has suffered notable damage, although there are three holes on fol. 8.

Extent: ix 21 vii 32 iii

Foliation and/or Pagination:

Current foliation is in pencil on the upper right corner of the recto of each folio and runs consecutively from 1 to 72.

Archbishop Parker's pagination in red crayon:

Collation:

Condition:

The manuscript is in relatively good condition overall. The original quires have suffered some water damage and abrasion, which is particularly pronounced on the outer faces of each of the quires (fols 10r, 15v, 16r, 22v, 23r, 30v, 38r, 45v, 46r, 53v, 54r, 61v, 62r and 69v). The gutter of the manuscript is also more damaged than the main sheets. A patch of discolouration from water damage runs through the upper margin of fols 27-30 and 38-47, and another through the centre of the text-block from fols 46-49. A vertical slit extends from the upper edge of fol. 55 to the fourth line of the ruling grid; Hand 1 repsects this cut, indicating that the damage predated the writing. The edges or corners have been cut on fols 12, 19, 27, 50, 52, 57, 60, 63, 65 and 66. Seven of these ten folios are one side of the centrefold of a quire, with the exceptions of fols 52, 60 and 63.

Layout description:

  1. Layout:
  2. Layout:

Hand description:

Decoration Description:

Additions:

Binding Description:

Accompanying Material:

History:

Additional Information:

Administration Information:

Surrogates:

Bibliography: