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EH3101/EH3601
The Economic Transformation of 
Eastern Europe
1750-1938

Staff contact: Professor P.L.Cottrell (Att.806)

The focus is upon the ‘geographical core’ of the Habsburg Empire - those parts which became after 1918 Austria, Czechoslovakia and Hungary. Although the onset industrialisation was less marked in eastern Europe, areas within this region - Bohemia and Moravia together with Alpine Austria - experienced modern economic growth from the 1830s.  This transformation built upon a foundation laid by proto-industrialisation during the eighteenth century.  The course examines these processes together with the further spatial spread of industrialisation to encompass Hungary by the close of the nineteenth century.  This also involves considerations of the various roles played by the state through the pursuit of, first, neo-mercantilism and, then, from 1848, liberal economic polices, along with the extent to which economic growth was impeded by ethnic antipathy. The region’s politico-economic unity was modified in 1867 and then shattered by the effects of the First World War.  The last third of the course is devoted to assessing the reasons for the diverging experiences of the successor states from 1918, and the further expansion of German economic influence within the region after 1931.

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Last updated: 15 October 2002
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