New Europe 1
Towards a New Europe
Staff contact: D.
M. Williams (Att. 804)
Industrialisation was the main force transforming Europe
during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. As Europe moved towards
industrial maturity over the second half of the nineteenth century it
became the centre of a rich international economy. Such progress, however,
was marred by national rivalries manifested through imperialism and then
by the First World War. The war shifted the economic balance towards the
USA whereas the post-war peace settlements created many problems. These
culminated in economic collapse with the Great Slump of 1929-32 and also
prompted the rise of extremist, fascist societies which rejected many
of the assumptions on which industrialisation had been based. A second
world war was the outcome. The linked, second semester module, EH 102,
examines the subsequent period, 1940 to the 1990s. In the new start which
followed the Second World War, the USA acted decisively to maintain economic
stability and prevent extremism, while Europe reorganised on new lines
with co-operation now becoming the aim of western European countries.
In both modules, the European experience is put in a world setting. Tutorial
classes will explore some of the topics in greater detail, attempt to
clear up any difficulties and produce some fresh interpretations.
to modules list