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New Europe 1
Towards a New Europe

Staff contact: D. M. Williams (Att. 804)

Industrialisation was the main force transforming Europe during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. As Europe moved towards industrial maturity over the second half of the nineteenth century it became the centre of a rich international economy. Such progress, however, was marred by national rivalries manifested through imperialism and then by the First World War. The war shifted the economic balance towards the USA whereas the post-war peace settlements created many problems. These culminated in economic collapse with the Great Slump of 1929-32 and also prompted the rise of extremist, fascist societies which rejected many of the assumptions on which industrialisation had been based. A second world war was the outcome. The linked, second semester module, EH 102, examines the subsequent period, 1940 to the 1990s. In the new start which followed the Second World War, the USA acted decisively to maintain economic stability and prevent extremism, while Europe reorganised on new lines with co-operation now becoming the aim of western European countries. In both modules, the European experience is put in a world setting. Tutorial classes will explore some of the topics in greater detail, attempt to clear up any difficulties and produce some fresh interpretations.

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Last updated: 10 October 2002
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