Archaeoastronomy in the 1990s


Edited by Clive L.N. Ruggles

Group D Publications, Loughborough, 1993

This is a collection of 31 shorter papers from the third Oxford international symposium on archaeoastronomy, held in St Andrews in 1990.


Contents list

Introduction: Archaeoastronomy--the way ahead. Clive Ruggles 1


I: Thematic contributions

2 Archaeoastronomy in the Americas since Oxford 2. Anthony F. Aveni 15

3 Space, time and the calendar in the traditional cultures of America. Stephen C. McCluskey 33

4 Some social correlates of directional symbolism. Stanislaw Iwaniszewski 45


II: New horizons

5 Moon Man and Sea Woman: the cosmology of the Central Inuit. Susan M. Pearce 59

6 Time-reckoning in Iceland before literacy. Thorsteinn Vilhjálmsson 69

7 The geometry of pastoral stone octagons: the Basque sarobe. Roslyn M. Frank and Jon D. Patrick 77

8 The moon and Indo-European calendar structure. Emily Lyle 92

9 Some remarks on the moon cult of Teutonic tribes. Emília Pásztor 98

10 Astronomical knowledge in Bulgarian lands during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age. Tsvetanka Radoslavova 107

11 Four approaches to the Borana calendar. Clive Ruggles 117

12 Astronomy in the ancient written sources of the Far East. Ildikó Ecsedy and Katalin Barlai 123

13 Orientations of religious and ceremonial structures in Polynesia. William Liller 128

14 Aboriginal sky-mapping? Possible astronomical interpretation of Australian Aboriginal ethnographic and archaeological material. Hugh Cairns 136


III: New techniques, methods and approaches

15 Basic research in astronomy and its applications to archaeoastronomy. Bradley E. Schaefer 155

16 A method for determining limits on the accuracy of naked-eye locations of astronomical events. Rolf M. Sinclair and Anna Sofaer 178

17 An integrated approach to the investigation of astronomical evidence in the prehistoric record: the North Mull project. Clive Ruggles and Roger Martlew 185

18 The astronomy and geometry of Irish passage grave cemeteries: a systematic approach. Jon D. Patrick 198


IV: Continuing research: new results

19 Sun and sun serpents: continuing observations in south-eastern Utah. Carol W. Ambruster and Ray A. Williamson 219

20 The origin and meaning of Navajo star ceilings. Von Del Chamberlain and Polly Schaafsma 227

21 Organisation of large settlements of the northern Anasazi. John McKim Malville and James Walton 242

22 Summer solstice: a Chumash basket case. Edwin C. Krupp 251

23 Counting and sky-watching at Boca de Potrerillos, Nuevo León, Mexico: clues to an ancient tradition. Wm. Breen Murray 264

24 Venus orientations in ancient Mesoamerican architecture. Ivan Sprajc 270

25 Mesoamerican geometry combined with astronomy and calendar: the way to realise orientation. Franz Tichy 278

26 Mesoamerican cross-circle designs revisited. Stanislaw Iwaniszewski 288

27 Were the Incas able to predict lunar eclipses? Mariusz S. Ziólkowski and Arnold Lebeuf 298

28 Callanish: maximising the symbolic and dramatic potential of the landscape at the southern extreme moon. Margaret Curtis and Ronald Curtis 309

29 The Bush Barrow gold lozenge: a solar and lunar calendar for Stonehenge? Archibald S. Thom 317

30 New evidence concerning possible astronomical orientations of "Tombe di Giganti". Edoardo Proverbio 324


V: Education and dissemination

31 An image database for learning archaeoastronomy. Clive Ruggles 335


Return to: Reading list (core texts) for AR3015 (Archaeoastronomy)

-Author-

Clive Ruggles