Dr Graham Jones: Aids for studying saints' cults - and the Middle Ages
The Transfiguration of Christ. An icon from the web-page of the Catholic Information Network, whose links to sites of interest to students of the Eastern churches can be accessed below: click on 'The eastern churches'.
Hagiography and its study
- A Dictionary of Early Christian Biography, Wace and Piercy's work of reference placed on-line by the Christian Classics Electronic Library project.
- Society of Bollandists. The Belgian-based Jesuit researchers who since the first half of the sixteenth century have devoted themselves to the study, editing and publication of hagiography. Publishers of Analecta Bollandiana.
- The Roman Breviary Placed on-line by the Lay Confraternity of St Peter and St Paul.
- Hagiographie is the title of the project at the Facultes Universitaires Notre-Dame de la Paix at Namur in Belgium to compile an index, searchable by location, typology and chronology, of the Bibliotheca hagiographia latina, published in 1898-9, the most comprehensive corpus of saints' lives of the period to c.1500.
- For All The Saints, some 11,000 thumbnail biographies of saints compiled by St Patrick's Church, Washington DC, with hundreds more being added at regular intervals, according to the site' organisers.
- Patron Saints Index has thumb-nail biographies of 1,286 saints and about the same number of topic pages. Though the biographical material is of varying detail, there are useful links to further information regarding individual saints, together with tables of attributes and feast days, a glossary of terms, a 'saints in the news' service, links to apologetic material, and a fascinating, if limited, collection of down-loadable 'holy card' images. Hosted by the Catholic Community Forum site which is maintained by Liturgical Publications of St Louis, Inc.
- Lexicon of Saints. German lexicon of saints with hagiographical summaries, attributes, patronages, and images. Also useful links to German church and other web-sites.
- Saints Index (in Norwegian) includes thumbnail biographies and a detailed calendar.
- Saints of Italy, extracted from 'For All The Saints' and listed by city and/or region. An associated list has biographical sketches of Italian popes
- Saints of France, similarly compiled and organised (by members of the John Carroll Society) according to the places most closely associated with the various cults.
- Saints of the Americas, 'the beginnings of a American martyrology', as the compilers at St Patrick's, DC, describe it.
- Saints Bretons, under construction at Universite Rennes 2.
- Narrative Sources is an on-line index of texts, including saints' lives, relevant to the history of the Southern Low Countries, 600-1500, compiled by the University of Ghent and the Catholic University of Leuven.
- Castilian hagiography is the subject of the pages maintained by Fernando Baños Vallejo at the University of Oviedo for the CEHC project, Coordinación de la Edición de la Hagiografía Castellana.
- A Benedictine Martyrology, an index of Benedictine saints with hypertext links to thumbnail biographies written for the Christia discussion list
- The Catholic Encyclopaedia, a voluntary project to make available on-line the contents of this massive work of reference, first published in 1918.
- Biographisch-Bibliographischen Kirchenlexikon, an impressively comprehensive and extensively referenced inventory, in German, under construction at an electronic publishing house at Herzberg.
- Saints and Angels, a simplified directory of saints commemorated by the Roman Catholic Church.
- Feasts and Saints of the Church Year, the 'daily worship page' of the Orthodox Church of America.
- Orthodox Saints Biographies of about 200 saints commemorated by the Orthodox churches are on this site, maintained by the Russian Orthodox church of St Nicholas in Dallas, Texas.
- Prologue from Ochrid, Lives of the Eastern saints, under construction at a site reached via a Serbian Orthodox web-site in America. Complete to the end of August at the time this list was compiled.
- Russian Orthodox Saints and Commemorations arranged by date (Julian Calendar / Civil Calendar). Compiled by the Protection of the Mother of God Church, Rochester, New York.
- Calendars from Illuminated Manuscripts in Danish Collections, presented, with notation, by Erik Drigsdahl.
- Calendar of the Russian Orthodox Church available from a public and religious holidays reference site.
- Feast-days and calendars, chiefly German, are part of the compendious Zeitrechnung
des Deutschen Mittelalters und der Neuzeit, the work of Dr H. Grotefend.
- Calendar of St Willibrord, provided on-line by Michelle Ziegler.
- Easter dating: Karl Hagen’s calendar site.
- An index of religious drama arranged by saint and compiled by the EDAM project at Kalamazoo.
- The Hagiography Society, an international group of scholars which, inter alia publishes a Newsletter and organises conference sessions.
Sites devoted to individual cults
- The Mary Page is an excellent, multi-layered site for Marian studies on the University of Dayton, Ohio, server. However, it may be difficult to use the 'Back' button on this site.
- Augustine and Gregory, a link to the University of Arles colloqium on the Conversion of Anglo-Saxon England and its protagonists Augustine and Gregory, with a number of links to related sites and resources.
- Augustine's Confessions on-line, together with related material.
- The Military Martyrs,constructed by David Woods at the National University of Ireland, Cork College, combines pages devoted to 21 soldier saints, including Demetrius, George, Christopher.
- St Brendan, a beautifully illustrated set of pages with the modern French and Anglo-Norman versions of the Voyage legend.
- St Catherine, a millenium project of the Abbotsbury Music Festival, Dorset.
- The Cult of St Christopher, takes you directly to David Woods' pages on the travellers' saint.
- St Nicholas Home Page with many links to sites concerned with the saint, chiefly Orthodox.
Teaching 'Saints' and 'Sanctity'
- Paul Halsall, at the University of North Florida: Course notes, readings lists, etc., for his course in Fall, 2000, Saints, Sainthood, and Society.
Medieval society: text, image and much else - Some important 'general purpose' sites
Majestas. Christ in glory, depicted in the painted ceiling from an apsidal Romanesque church now on display in the National Museum of Catalan Art, Barcelona.
- NetSERF: Beau Harbin's Internet Connection for Medieval Resources, sponsored by the Department of History at the Catholic University of America. Resources are available for students of the following:
- Archaeology (Anglo-Saxons, Projects, Sites, etc.);
- Art (manuscript images, murals and frescoes, sculpture, tapestries, clip art, etc.);
- Architecture (Monasteries, Churches, Castles, Cities and Towns, etc.);
- Culture (Clothing, Lifestyle, Diet, Leisure, Marriage, etc.);
- History (Anglo-Saxons to Angevins, Vikings, Byzantium, Economic History, Feudalism, Heraldry and Genealogy, Military, Social history, etc.;
- Literature including collections of works and research projects and scores of medieval texts in the original and in translation;
- People (Artists and musicians, authors, religious figures, royalty and nobility, etc.);
- Religion (The Bible, Islam, Holy Orders, Saints, Theology, etc.); and
- Science and Technology (Astronomy and time, Botany, Mathematics, etc.).
- In addition a Research Section includes access to articles and papers, academic organisations, grants and scholarship providers, bibliographies, conferences, degree programmes, discussion lists, journals, teaching materials, and links to other Internet indices of medieval resources.
- Labyrinth, the resource site at Georgetown University promises Ariadne's Thread to follow along its 'innumeras vias'. These paths lead to
- The Labyrinth Library of texts, both historical and current;
- National Cultures, material on specific countries, regions or peoples;
- International Culture, dealing with topics from archaeology to sciences;
- Special Topics such as Heraldry, Arms and Chivalry; and Vikings, Runes, and Norse Culture;
- Pedagogical Resources including course materials, language learning aids, software and multimedia, and general resources on using the Web for teaching;
- Professional, etc. where are found details of medieval studies organisations, scholarly publications and so on;
- Labyrinth Electronic Centre, a grand name for discussion lists and on-line publishing; and
- Medieval Studies Text, Image, and Archival Databases, which in some respects is the heart of the project.
- ORB, the Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies, pioneered by Carolyn Schriber and now housed at the College of
Staten Island, City University of New York, includes
- The Orb Encyclopaedia, a compilation of original essays, arranged by period and topic;
- Orb Library Connection, a comprehensive index of on-line texts available at various sites;
- Reference Shelf that features, inter alia, interactive Chi-squared and Word-frequency statistical testing facilities;
- On-line Bibliographies at Rhodes and other sites.
- Medieval resources on-line, maintained at Sogang University, Korea, provides a link into Thomas Izbicki's Medieval and Renaissance Web for Librarians, and other sites, general and particular.
- Babel is the name of one of the sections of this stylish, idiosyncratic site which hosts, inter alia, troubadour texts, links to image archives, and a tour of the Solar System which includes useful references to medieval cosmology.
More medieval texts
Combat with the Dragon. A motif that spans cultures and religions. This illustration is from the MS of the Old English epic poem Beowulf in the British Library, but there are obvious and striking similarities with the iconography of the archangel Michael and saints such as George and Margaret.
OMACL,The Online Medieval and Classical Library (DL SunSITE)
The Middle English Collection at the Electronic Text Center, University of Virginia
Gerald of Wales
FRANCISCAN AUTHORS, catalogue in progress of writings from the 13th to the 18th centuries
THE HOLY BIBLE, on-line text of the Douai-Rheims English translation of the Vulgate
The Vulgate: A guide, with links, to sites with the Vulgate Latin bible on-line
Sacred and Religious Texts, Christian and of other faiths, searchable at Marshall University.
Non-canonical Texts to aid students and scholars in biblical interpretation, on-line at Wesley Center for Applied Theology, Northwestern Nazarene College, Idaho, and also linked to many related resources, including on-line versions of canonical and liturgical texts.
Old English 401 Murray McGillivray's on-line course at the University of Calgary, plus links to other sites for the study of Old English and OE texts
Carolingian English Language Bibliography, compiled by Professor Thomas Noble at the University of Virginia for the Board of the (American-based) Medieval Institute. Arranged under 14 headings and includes many citations of use to students of Anglo-Saxon England, the 'Vikings', and devotion to saints continental and insular
The Christian Topography of Cosmas Indicopleustes
Medieval Encyclopaedias, Bestiaries and Lapidaries, lists many useful texts and provides some links to on-line resources.
Monumenta Germaniae Historica, a searchable index to this great collection of medieval texts.
The Robin Hood Project at the University of Rochester
- Ecole, the Hypertext Encyclopedia of Early Church History being compiled at the University of Evansville, with documents, glossary, articles, images and chronology.
- The St Pachomius Library, Global Index claims to provide an alphabetical list of Orthodox patristic texts, liturgical documents, and saints' lives of all eras available without charge on the Net. It includes Western material up to c. AD 1000, but its editors describe it as in many ways an Orthodox subset of the Ecole material, which they also maintain.
- Christian Classics Electronic Library, maintained at Wheaton College, Illinois, including the Early Church Fathers collection (see the next two entries), to which is appended an Encyclopaedia of the early Catholic church
- Early Church Fathers Collection: On-line, searchable, annotated texts of biblical, patristic, apochryphal and conciliar texts. Of the 38 volumes in the ECF Collection, the first 14 are now on-line with the remainder in the course of conversion
- Advent Church Fathers is another site for the Early Church Fathers collection, slower to download but link-indexed in a format that some may find more convenient to navigate
- WinHelp Information for downloading texts from the Early Church Fathers Collection in WinHelp format
- Guide to Early Church Documents: Pointers to Internet-accessible files relating to the early church, including canonical documents, creeds, the writings of the Apostolic Fathers and other historical texts relevant to church history. Maintained at the Institute for Christian Leadership.
- An Anthology of Translated Texts Illustrative of the History of the Cult of the Saints compiled by Thomas Head, Hunter College, City University of New York.
- Augustine page at Pennsylvania University accesses Augustine of Hippo's writings and related material.
- St Bede the Venerable focuses on Bede as theologist. Compiled by John Houghton, of Mary Institute, Missouri.
- Index to the Sermo Lupi, the Sermon of the Wolf to the English attributed to bishop Wulfstan of Worcester
- Beowulf The crucially important epic poem on-line from the British Library
- ORB Connections to Other Web Sites
- Medieval Sourcebook compiled by Paul Halsall
St James. An image of the patron saint of Compostella.
More medieval images
- Medieval Art and Architecture, maintained by Alison Stone, Professor of the History of Art and Architecture at the University of Pittsburgh. Includes comprehensive glossary of architectural terms.
- Web Gallery of Art is a virtual museum and searchable database of European painting and sculpture of the Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque periods (1150-1800), currently containing over 11,000 reproductions. Commentaries on pictures, biographies of artists are available. The site is one of the research resources of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
History of Art, 'A resource of images to support instruction', compiled by Chris Henige at Beloit College, Wisconsin.
- Medieval Art is featured on the web-site of Dr Albrecht Classen at the University of Arizona. The site includes links to the Hungarian fine arts collection and includes other useful resources.
- Art History Resources on the Web is an encyclopaedic site compiled by Christopher Witcombe of Sweet Briar College, Virginia.
- Sources for the History of Art, a very useful compendium compiled by Catherine Lawless for the University of Limerick.
- Vatican Museum treasures of image and artefact.
- Index of Christian Art, home page of the Princeton project, with introduction and link to the on-line database
- ALEPH, The Index of Christian Art Database
- Culture Kiosk
- Sculpture and book illustrations from Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages.
- Medieval Illuminated Manuscripts, a scholarly database of information regarding medieval illuminated manuscripts of the Koninklijke Bibliotheek, the National Library of the Netherlands, and the Museum Meermanno-Westreenianum. Searchable by keyword or browse by subject content -- Religion and Magic, Nature, Human Being, Man in General, Society, Civilization, Culture, Abstract Ideas and Concepts, History, Bible, Literature, Classical Mythology, and Ancient History.
- Liturgical Manuscripts on Mary Kay Duggan's pages at the University of California at Berkeley
- Age of Charles V, a thousand images from the Bibliotheque Nationale in Paris.
- Aberdeen Bestiary, a project to create a searchable, electronic version, with commentary, of one of the medieval 'natural histories'
- The Sforza Book of Hours from the collections of the British Library
- Book of Hours image from a Oxford resource site
- Cambridge University Library on-line images from its collections
- Art and Map Images, at the Australian National University.
- Magna Carta, a link via King John's Great Charter into the British Library on-line resources
- St Catherine's Monastery, Sinai, a site with several superb images
- Medieval Wall-paintings in English Parish Churches, an inventory under construction by Anne Marshall, Associate Tutor in the Open University.
- Wall-paintings in southern France
- Masters of Medieval Illumination, previewing an important exhibition at the University of Leuven
- Baptisteria Sacra, the iconographic index of baptismal fonts co-directed at the University of Toronto by Harriet M. Sonne de Torrens.
- Paternoster Row, Chris Laning's site concerned with historical pasternosters and rosary beads.
A royal mausoleum. The Cistercian monastery of Poblet in the Conca de Barbera, Catalonia, burial place of the Kings of Aragon.
- Ecclesiology Society, successor to the Cambridge Camden Society, has a web-site richly illustrated with photographs of church architecture and furnishings.
- The Churches of Rome, a well-organised and informative site compiled by a Norwegian scholar, Chris Nyborg.
- The Tiber Island, pictures and images of S. Bartolomeo, built to house the Apostle's relics on the site of the temple in honour of the healing god, Aesculapius.
- San Lorenzo in Lucina: archaeological and other investigations of this fifth-century church by the Swedish Academy in Rome.
- Medieval churches of Bristol via a clickable map on this web-site. On the same page is a link to Stephen Alsford's clickable version of Speed's Map of Ipswich, including notes on its churches.
- Buckinghamshire Church Photo Album, a photographic gazetteer of medieval churches.
- Dorset Churches, compiled by Michael Day.
- Lincolnshire Churches photographed by Wendy Parkinson.
- Simon's Suffolk Churches, a photographic gazetteer supplemented by useful links and bibliographies.
- Sylly Suffolk, Suffolk's Medieval Churches, a text-and-image site developed by Aidan Semmens.
- Churchmouse's Lincolnshire churches site.
- Yorkshire Churches photographed by Wendy Parkinson.
- Medieval Towns, a site linked to Orb, having much useful information.
- Resource for Urban Design Information at Oxford Brookes University, has pages devoted to medieval urban morphology.
- Listening to Medieval Music, an exploratory, resource-based page under development by Paul Halsall at the University of North Florida.
Last updated: 06 December 2004 12:55
Dr G.R. Jones
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