described by Takako Kato
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of English Manuscripts 1060 to 1220 |
The four Gospels in the West Saxon translation: Mark (fols 1-28), Luke (fols 29-61, 63-77), Matthew (fols 78-126), and John (fols 128-67). As Skeat 1874 first noticed, Luke 16.14 'ealle' - 17.1 'leorningcnihtum' is missing (fol. 61v), which shows that the manuscript is derived from Oxford, Bodleian Library Bodley 441, in which a leaf with this part of the text is also missing. Liuzza 1994, in his study of textual variants among manuscripts, has established that Hatton 38 is a copy of Royal 1 A. xiv, which is itself a copy of Bodley 441 (see his Introduction, pp. lix-xxiii).
Support: iii + 61 + i + 105 + iv leaves. Fol. i-iii and 168-171 are blank parchment flyleaves, probably medieval. Fol. 171 is now pasted to another modern paper flyleaf.
238 x 158 (dimensions of all - size of leaves)
168 x 107 (dimensions of all - size of written)
Foliation and/or Pagination: Foliated (i-iii), 1-171.
*The binding is now disintegrated and the manuscript was too fragile to check the collation.
The pattern of the wormholes on the flyleaves corresponds to those on the first and last pages of the text. Leaves are arranged HFHF throughout.
Each Gospel begins on a new quire.
Ruled in pencil, single bounding lines. 25 lines. As Liuzza 1995 has noted, the scribe is not consistent about which horizontal lines extend across the page: generally the first and third, last and antepenultimate; but often the first two and last two; the first and last two; or the first two, the forth from the last and the last. Rullings were done page by page, not across two leaves. The layout matches in open two pages within the quire. For example,
Large decorated initials, alternately red or blue with pen ornament of the other colour. The text is indented where the large initial appears, and approximately 1/5 of the letter is placed in the margin. Green is used in the large initials at the beginning of each Gospel. They are of s. xii/xiii. Rubrics are sometimes in red, and some capital letters within the text are also coloured.
Palaeographical evidence suggests a Canterbury origin.
Later medieval history is unknown. The manuscript belonged to John Parker (1548-1618), son of Archbishop Mathew Parker (his signature may be seen on the verso of fol. i) and Christopher, Baron Hatton( 1605?-1670), whose signature is on the recto of fol. ii; used by Francis Junius (1589-1677) for his 1665 edition of the Gospel.
Acquired by the Bodleian Library with other Hatton manuscripts in 1671.
Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts in Microfiche Facsimile, ed. by R. M. Liuzza and A. N. Doane (Binghamton, NY: Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 1995), vol. 3: Anglo-Saxon Gospels
Roberts, Jane, Guide to Scripts Used in English Writings up to 1500 (London: British Library, 2005), photo reproduction of fol. 80r (Colour pl. C4 and Plate 29)
Grunberg, M., The West-Saxon Gospels: A study of the Gospels of St. Matthew with Text of the Four Gospels (Amsterdam: Scheltema and Holkema NV, 1967
Hardwick, Charles ed., Gospels According to Saint Matthew in Anglo-Saxon and Northumbrian Versions, Synoptically Arranged, with Collations of the Best Manuscripts (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1858)
Junius, Francis and Marshall, Thomas ed., Quatuor D. N. Jesu Christi Evangeliorumversiones perantiquae duae, Gothica scil. et Anglo-Saxonica: Quarum illam ex celeberrimo Codice Argenteo nunc primum depromsit Franciscus Junius F. F. Hanc autem ex Codicibus MSS. collatis emendatius recudi curavit Thomas Mareschallus, Anglus: cujus etiam Observationes in utramque Versionem subnectuntur. Accessit + Glossarium Gothicum cui praemittitur Alphabetum Gothicum, Runicum +c. opera ejusdem francisci Junii., 2 vols (Dordrecht: Henricus and Essaeus, 1665)
Ker, N. R., Catalogue of Manuscripts Containing Anglo-Saxon (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957; repr. 1990)
Lenker, Ursula, Die Westsächsische Evangelienversion und die Perikopenordnungen im angelsächsischen England, Münchener Universitäts-Schriften, Philosophische Fakultät, Texte und Untersuchungen zur Englischen Philologie, 20 (Munich: Wilhelm Fink Verlag, 1997)
Liuzza, R. M., '378. Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS. Hatton 38 (4090): "West Saxon Gospels"', in Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts in Microfiche Facsimile, ed. by R. M. Liuzza and A. N. Doane (Binghamton, NY: Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 1995), vol. 3: Anglo-Saxon Gospels, pp. 32-33
---, ed., The Old English Version of the Gospels: Notes and Glossary, EETS, OS 314 (London: Published for the Early English Text Society by Oxford University Press, 2000)
---, ed., The Old English Version of the Gospels: Text and Introduction, EETS, OS 304 (London: Published for the Early English Text Society by Oxford University Press, 1994)
---, 'Scribal Habit: The Evidence of Old English Gospels', in Rewriting Old English in the Twelfth Century, ed. by Mary Swan and Elaine M. Treharne (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000), pp. 143-65
Madan, Falconer, and others, A Summary Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library at Oxford (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1895-1953), item 4090
Reimann, Max, Die Sprache der mittelkentischen Evangelien (Codd. Royal I A xiv und Hatton 38) (Berlin: W. Portmetter, 1883
Roberts, Jane, Guide to Scripts Used in English Writings up to 1500 (London: British Library, 2005)
Skeat, Walter W., ed., The Gospel According to Saint John: in Anglo-Saxon and Northumbrian Versions, Synoptically Arranged, with Collations Exhibiting all the Readings of All the MSS (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1878)
---, The Gospel According to Saint Luke: In Anglo-Saxon and Northumbrian Versions, Synoptically Arranged, with Collations Exhibiting all the Readings of all the MSS (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1874)
---, The Gospel According to Saint Mark: In Anglo-Saxon and Northumbrian Versions, Synoptically Arranged, with Collations Exhibiting all the Readings of all the MSS (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1871)
---, The Gospel According to Saint Matthew : In Anglo-Saxon, Northumbrian, and Old Mercian Versions, Synoptically Arranged, with Collations Exhibiting all the Readings of all the MSS (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1887)