described by Elaine Treharne
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A composite manuscript containing thirty-four homilies and the Poema Morale. James (1900) dates the two main scribes to s. xiii (p. 459), but Ker (1957) suggests that the Trinity Homilies 'may have been written before 1200' (p. xix) and Treharne (2004) dates the sermons to the end of the twelfth century and the Poema Morale to the second half of the twelfth century (p. 281). Five of the items in the manuscript, including the Poema Morale, also occur in Lambeth Palace Library, 487.
139 x 104 (dimensions of all - size of leaves)
c. 122-28 x 80 (dimensions of Quire 1 - size of written)
c. 114 x 86-91 (dimensions of Quires 2-11 - size of written)
Foliation and/or Pagination: Three foliations are recorded on Quires 2-11.
- A 16th-century foliation in black ink begins at 1 on fol. 10r, at the start of the homilies. Most of it is lost due to cropping, but it appears to have run throughout the manuscript. The foliation corresponds to the 16th-century table of contents (f. 1rb/1-23, 1ra/23-31).
- A 17th-century pagination is written in a browner ink on the rectos, starting with the homilies on fol. 10r, and is generally not lost due to cropping. This is the pagination used by Morris 1873 and Ker 1932.
- A prominent pencilled foliation begins on the first parchment leaf and is written on the upper right rectos, usually below the other numbers.
- In the description of Hill 1966 and in the microfiche facsimile of Wilcox 2000, the foliation is described as written on the first ten folios, with '3' omitted, '5' twice and '5*-8' for 6-9, but '10' on fol. 10 at the start of Quire 2, then every tenth folio after that.
- The pencilled foliation now runs throughout the manuscript: i-ii, 1-2, , 4-5, 5, 6-8, 10-91, 91A-93. It corresponds to the descriptions in James 1900, Wilcox 2000 and this description (Wilcox 2000, p. 16).
Leaves are heavily cropped with some loss to the text.
Quire 1 is a self-contained unit, with different layout, lineation, format, written area and decoration to the rest of the manuscript (see above). Its text has suffered more cropping than the other texts, suggesting it was once wider than the rest of the book. It is not included in the 16th-century foliation or 17th-century pagination and was not included in the 16th-century contents, and the second quire opens with a 16th-century title, all of which suggests that the quire was not part of the manuscript until after the 17th century (Wilcox 2000, p. 17). However, the opening folio must have been at the front of the manuscript in the 16th century, when the table of contents was written, and probably in the 15th century when the inscription 'Rithmus anglicus cum omiliis anglicis in hoc volumine | continentur' was added. Ivy (1958) suggests that the Poema Morale originally occupied a quire of eight that was later placed inside a bifolium. This view is supported by the varying wormholes on fol. 1 and fols 2-3, which do not correspond.
The majority of the manuscript is written by two main scribes who write in a similar hand, often changing stints at the start of a page or half-way through the first line, and never starting at the beginning of a new item (Wilcox 2000, p. 17). The two scribes have distinctively different forms for the abbreviation & and the letter ð (Ker 1932). According to Ker 1932, the scribes' contributions are as follows:
Hand 1: fols 2r/1- 21v/21, 23r/1-21, 36r/15-21, 38v/6-21, 66v/13-68v/11, 70r/1- 71r/23, 73v/1-76r/23, 78r/1-23, 79r/1-23, 80v/1- 81r/1, 85r/1-23
Hand 2: fols 22r/1-22v/21, 23v/1-36r/15, 36v/1-38v/6, 39r/1- 66v/13, 68v/11- 69v/23, 71v/1- 73v/1, 76v/1- 77v/23, 78v/1-23, 79v/1- 80r/23, 81r/1- 85r/1, 85v/1- 86r/16
Wilcox (2000) argues that Ker's identification of the scribe of Quire 1 (fols 2-9) is doubtful, as the different mis-en-page and size of script make comparison difficult. He suggests that Quire 1 may have been written by a different scribe (p. 18). Treharne (2004) notes that 'a third scribe' writes fols 87v-88r (p. 281), although Wilcox (2000) argues that two scribes were responsible for this item, one writing fol. 87v/1-14 and the other writing fols 87v/14- 88r/12. Later hands are found elsewhere in the manuscript, and there are abundant pencil annotations in a s. xiii hand throughout the manuscript.
This scribe uses far more abbreviations than Scribe 1. These abbreviations are those typically used by scholastic scribes, who use the initial letters of individual biblical quotations, rather than write out the entire reference.
According to the binder's note on the back flyleaf, the manuscript was rebound and repaired in October 1984 by the Cockerell Bindery. The current binding (146mm x 115mm) retains the original dark brown leather binding over pulp boards, the embossed coat of arms of Archbishop Whitgift in gold on the front and back and the fittings for two brass clasps on the front and back. The title 'Homiliæ Anglicæ--MS.' is gold-tooled on the spine, with 'B' '14' and '52' in black ink on white stickers at top, middle and bottom of the spine. There are wormholes on the rear boards, none of which have penetrated. The pages have gilded edges.
On the final flyleaf is the note from the binder: 'DC6820 Condition when received: binding rebacked dark brown calf, over pulp boards, a very heavy impression of arms in gold on both boards, most of the gold missing, two clasps clasping on the back board, crossover missing, red lettering piece. Book sewn on four white thongs, thongs broken, sewing broken, gatherings free, vellum leaves in good condition though very heavily cropped, coloured edges. | Book taken down, damaged leaves guarded and repaired, resewn on four cords to the old marking up. The old boards repaired and laced on. The spine covered with brown calf.' (Wilcox 2000, p. 16).
fol. 1v contains the 15th-century inscription 'Rithmus anglicus cum omiliis anglicis in hoc volumine | continentur'. This inscription is picked up by a heading 'Rithmus Anglicus' in a probably 16th-century hand on fol. iiv.
fol. 88r contains two names in a 15th-century hand identified by Hill (1966) as 'Ser Thomas Stone (or Stow)' and 'Ser John Newson' (p. 200), although Laing and McIntosh (1995) read the second name as 'John Newbore' (p. 43).
fol. 1r contains a 16th-century table of contents, keyed to the early foliation.
fol. 1v contains an astrological dating and six lines of Latin hexameters and pentameters, signed 'WP' or 'WL'. Hill (1966) identifies this as the work of William Patten (fl. 1528-1590) written out by his son, Thomas (b. 1561). Hill identifies the dating formula as 23rd September 1583, the date of Archbishop John Whitgift's enthronement at Canterbury. At the foot of the page is 11 lines of a letter written in English recommending the writer of the above verses to 'yor grace' for his knowledge of the antiquities and his knowledge of Armenian. Hill (1966) suggests that the scholar is William Patten, a 16th-century Humanist scholar, and that the letter may have been from Henry Carey, Lord Chamberlain Hunsdon (1524?-1596) to Archbishop Whitgift or possibly Archbishop Parker (p. 195).
There are interlinear and marginal glosses in six different hands (Hill 1966, pp. 193-4) and extensive pencilled underlining and annotations, particularly pencilled cross-references to variations on the phrase 'was teames atold' (Wilcox 2000, p. 15).
The flyleaves include an extensive doctrinal index to Quires 2-11 in the hand of Abraham Whelock, Cambridge University's first lecturer in Anglo- Saxon (1593-1653). The same hand wrote an inscription on fol. iv: 'Hic codex MS. fidem protestantium in permultis | multum ornat. Legi & | perlegi. A. W.'
fol. ir contains three shelf-marks of Trinity College Library: 'R. 15. 17' (deleted), a number scribbled over and 'B. 14. 52'. On fol. 1v is the modern Trinity College Cambridge Library stamp.
The manuscript was given to Trinity College by Archbishop Whitgift (d. 1604).
Manuscript described by Elaine Treharne with the assistance of Simon Patterson, Natalie Jones and Hollie Morgan (August 2010).
Wilcox, Jonathan, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts in Microfiche Facsimile, Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies (Tempe, Arizona: Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2000), vol. 8
Hall, Joseph, Selections from Early Middle English, 1130-1250, 2 vols (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1920)
Hill, Betty, 'Trinity College Cambridge MS. B. 14. 52, and William Patten', Transactions of the Cambridge Bibliographical Society, 4, no. 3 (1966), 192-200
---, 'The Twelfth-Century Conduct of Life, Formerly the Poema Morale or A Moral Ode', Leeds Studies in English, 9 (1977), 97-144
Ivy, G. S., 'The Bibliography of the Manuscript Book', in The English Library Before 1700: Studies in its History, ed. by Francis Wormald and C. E. Wright (London: Athlone Press, 1958), pp. 32--65
James, M. R., The Western Manuscripts in the Library of Trinity College, Cambridge: A Descriptive Catalogue (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1900), vol. 1: Containing an Account of the Manuscripts Standing in Class B
Ker, N. R., Catalogue of Manuscripts Containing Anglo-Saxon (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957; repr. 1990), p. xix
---, 'The Scribes of the Trinity Homilies', Medium Ævum, 1 (1932), 138-40
Laing, Margaret, 'Anchor Texts and Literary Manuscripts in Early Middle English', in Regionalism in Late Medieval Manuscripts and Texts: Essays Celebrating the Publication of 'A Linguistic Atlas of Late Mediaeval English', ed. by F Riddy (Cambridge, 1991), pp. 27- 52
Laing, Margaret, and Angus McIntosh, 'Cambridge, Trinity College, MS 335: Its Texts and Their Transmission', in New Science out of Old Books: Studies in Manuscripts and Early Printed Books in Honour of A. I. Doyle, ed. by Richard Beadle and A. J. Piper (Aldershot: Scolar Press, 1995), pp. 14- 52
Morris, Richard, ed., Old English Homilies of the Twelfth Century, EETS, OS 53 (London: N. Trübner, 1873)
Treharne, Elaine, 'The Life and Times of Old English Homilies for the First Sunday in Lent', in The Power of Words: Anglo-Saxon studies Presented to Donald G. Scragg on his Seventieth Birthday, ed. by Hugh Magennis and J. Wilcox (Morgantown: West Virginia University Press, 2006), pp. 205-42
---, ed., Old and Middle English c. 890- c.1400: An Anthology, 2nd edn (Oxford: Blackwell, 2004)
Wilcox, Jonathan, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts in Microfiche Facsimile, Medieval & Renaissance Texts & Studies (Tempe, Arizona: Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2000), vol. 8